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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

 

Commission file number: 000-55790

 

 

LEGACY EDUCATION ALLIANCE, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Nevada   39-2079974
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

1490 NE Pine Island Rd. Suite 5D, Cape Coral, FL 33909

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (239) 542-0643

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol   Name of Exchange on which registered
Legacy Education Alliance, Inc.
Common Stock, par value $0.0001
  LEAI   OTCQB

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐ Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 USC. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates, computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was $3,459,508.

 

As of March 31, 2022, there were 33,917,697 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index to Annual Report on Form 10-K for

Year Ended December 31, 2021

 

    PAGE
PART I    
Item 1. Business 1
Item 1A. Risk Factors 9
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 19
Item 2. Properties 19
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 19
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 19
     
PART II    
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 20
Item 6. [Reserved] 21
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 21
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 30
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data F-1
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 31
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 31
Item 9B. Other Information 31
Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspection 31
     
PART III  
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 32
Item 11. Executive Compensation 34
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 42
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 44
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 45
     
PART IV    
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 47
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary 49
  Signatures 50

 

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

Certain statements and information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K under the headings “Business,” “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” and elsewhere contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in our periodic reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by our officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about our beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are often characterized by the use of words such as “outlook, “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “may,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “foresees,” “future,” or by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions; including, but not limited to, our discussions regarding the results projected from the introduction of new brands, products and services, expansion into new geographic markets, combinations with third parties; the development of ecommerce capabilities; projections of international growth; projected increase in profitability from our forum-style course delivery model that should lead to increased margins; our ability to address or manage corruption concerns in certain locations in which we operate; our ability to address and manage cyber-security risks; our ability to protect our intellectual property, on which our business is substantially dependent; our expectations regarding future divided payments; our ability to manage our relationships with credit card processors, and our expectations regarding the impact of general economic conditions on our business; and the estimates and matters described under the caption “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis-Results of Operations-Outlook.” Our assumptions used for the purposes of the forward-looking statements represent estimates of future events and are subject to uncertainty as to possible changes in economic, legislative, industry, and other circumstances, including the development, acceptance and sales of our products and our ability to raise additional funding sufficient to implement our strategy. Such forward-looking statements involve assumptions, known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other important factors that could cause the actual results, performance or our achievements, or industry results, to differ materially from historical results, any future results, or performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this report. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed as forward-looking statements are set forth in this report, including but not limited to those under the heading “Risk Factors,” and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. There may be other factors of which we are currently unaware or that we deem immaterial that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the expectations we express in our forward-looking statements. Although we believe the assumptions underlying our forward-looking statements are reasonable, any of these assumptions, and, therefore, also the forward-looking statements based on these assumptions could themselves prove to be inaccurate.

 

Forward-looking statements are based on current plans, estimates, assumptions and projections, and therefore you should not place undue reliance on them. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update them publicly in light of new information or future events.

 

ii

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

Our Corporate History and Background

 

Legacy Education Alliance, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on November 23, 2010 in Nevada under the name Streamline Resources, Inc. Our name was subsequently changed to Priced In Corp (“PRCD”) on April 24, 2012. Prior to the merger discussed below, we were a shell corporation with nominal operating activity.

 

On November 10, 2014, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of such date the (“Merger Agreement”) by and among (i) PRCD, a Nevada corporation, (ii) Priced In Corp. Subsidiary, a Colorado corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of PRCD (“PRCD Sub”), (iii) Tigrent Inc., a Colorado corporation (“TIGE”), and (iv) Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, Inc., a Colorado corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of TIGE (“Legacy Holdings”). On November 10, 2014, pursuant to the Merger Agreement, PRCD Sub merged with and into Legacy Holdings (the “Merger”), with Legacy Holdings surviving the Merger and becoming our wholly owned subsidiary and we acquired the business of Legacy Holdings.

 

At the effective time of the Merger (the “Effective Time”):

 

  PRCD amended and restated its certificate of incorporation and bylaws, which included an increase in our authorized stock to 220 million shares (200 million shares of common stock and 20 million shares of preferred stock);
     
  PRCD changed its name from “Priced In Corp.” to “Legacy Education Alliance, Inc.”;
     
  All of the shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of Legacy Holdings outstanding at the Effective Time were converted and exchanged into 16,000,000 shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Common Stock”) and were held by TIGE.

 

As a result of the Merger, TIGE owned approximately 80% of Legacy with the then remaining outstanding shares (3,997,500) held by the existing PRCD shareholders.

 

There was no cash consideration exchanged in the Merger. In accordance with the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, PRCD agreed to pay TIGE taxes and related liabilities and other specified costs and expenses, including certain administrative and related expenses that have been or will be from time to time incurred by TIGE that are related to TIGE’s investment in PRCD (including the cost of preparing and distributing reports regarding our business and financial condition to its shareholders), its administrative costs and expenses, and taxes, other than income taxes arising from dividends or distributions by us to TIGE. All shares of PRCD common stock issued in connection with the Merger are restricted securities, as defined in paragraph (a) of Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Such shares were issued pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act, under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and the rules and regulations promulgated there under.

 

The Merger was accounted for as a “reverse merger” and recapitalization since, immediately following the completion of the transaction, the holders of TIGE’s stock had effective control of PRCD. In addition, TIGE controlled the surviving entity through control of Legacy’s Board of Directors as a result of the appointment of the existing directors of TIGE to the four board seats of Legacy. Additionally, all of TIGE’s officers and senior executive positions continued on as management of the surviving entity after consummation of the Merger. For accounting purposes, Legacy Holdings was deemed to be the accounting acquirer in the transaction and, consequently, the transaction was treated as a recapitalization of PRCD. Accordingly, Legacy Holdings’ assets, liabilities and results of operations became the historical financial statements of the registrant, and the Company’s assets, liabilities and results of operations were consolidated with PRCD effective as of the date of the closing of the Merger. Prior to the Merger, PRCD was a “shell” corporation with nominal assets, liabilities and operating activity. No step-up in basis or intangible assets or goodwill was recorded in this transaction.

 

On February 14, 2017, TIGE completed the distribution of 15,998,326 shares of Common Stock in Legacy approved by the Board of Directors of TIGE on October 4, 2016. Pursuant to the distribution, 1.00105 shares of Legacy Common Stock were distributed for each share of stock held in TIGE.

 

For a further discussion of the Merger and its effects on our business, please see the information contained in our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 10, 2014, and the related amendments thereto.

 

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Presentation of Financial Statements

 

The terms “Legacy Education Alliance, Inc.,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” or “Legacy” as used in this report refer collectively to Legacy Education Alliance, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Legacy”), the registrant, which was formerly known as Priced In Corp., and, unless the context otherwise requires, together with its wholly-owned subsidiary, Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, Inc., a Colorado corporation, other operating subsidiaries and any predecessor of Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, including Tigrent Inc., a Colorado corporation.

 

This Form 10-K includes financial statements and related notes that present the consolidated financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income, and cash flows of Legacy and its subsidiaries.

 

Our Strategy

 

Our objective is to be the leading provider of services and products that enable individuals from all walks of life, regardless of their current economic situation and educational background, to take control of their financial futures and enable them to achieve financial freedom.

 

Our strategy is focused primarily on the following areas:

 

  Continued development of our businesses. We will continue our focus on our service offerings in an attempt to improve our revenue and expand our offerings as appropriate, including e-learning and other electronic format offerings and the development of new proprietary brands. In November 2020, the Company shifted its focus to its Legacy EducationTM products, with Building Wealth with LegacyTM as the new flagship brand, which encompasses hands-on experience and the true spirit of investing from beginner to educated investor, within a community of like-minded individuals.
     
  Development of higher-margin proprietary brands. Since November 2020, shifted its focus to developing proprietary brands, which have no royalty and other associated costs, but will require us the Company to market in new and innovative ways. This will allow us the flexibility to provide our services through different demographics, price points and sales channels, and to develop additional complementary products and services.
     
  Fulfilling our customer obligations. We intend to improve the cost efficiency with which we fulfill our customer commitments. We have:

 

  Expanded the options for course fulfillment to reduce the number of expired contracts by increasing the number of courses offered through electronic media and via the internet;
     
  Implemented an improved outreach program that involves contacting our customers to help them manage their course schedules;

 

  Enhanced eLearning. We continue developing and promoting interactive and online distributed course content and enhanced technology platforms capable of streaming video, interactive e-learning, and distributed e-learning. During the fourth quarter 2021, we began transitioning from live events to eLearning. This modification will enable us to reach more real estate investors and offer more diversity in educational opportunities to customers. Our eLearning community will deliver business advancement to attendees through education and offer an arena for attendees to discover new relationships with companies, as well as their fellow investors. The transition to eLearning will also reduce any future pandemic risks.
     
  Consistent quality assurance. We believe that to be an effective provider of training we need to ensure that our course offerings meet our strict quality assurance guidelines. We will continue to monitor and enforce standards for marketing, sales presentations, and training delivery throughout our organization.
     
  Continued professional development. We will continue to identify, recruit, and retain a team of trainers, mentors and coaches who possess practical, hands-on experience in their areas of expertise.
     
 

Development of Strategic Growth Initiatives. On March 15, 2022, we announced various strategic initiatives for the next 12 months. We are embarking on a number of transactions which we expect will strengthen the Company’s balance sheet and strategic positioning, including relationships with Exampil and multiple education guidance counselors, marketers and non-profits. Furthermore, the foundation of our proposed Nasdaq uplisting includes the potential spinoff of the existing Legacy Education business, which was previously approved by shareholders, and the proposed acquisition of Coopersmith Career Consulting, each of which are in process but we can give no assurance at this time of success.

 

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Recent Developments

 

Impact from COVID-19 Pandemic.

 

Historically, our operations have relied heavily on our and our students’ ability to travel and attend live events where large groups of people gather in local markets within each of the segments in which we operate. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. As a result of worldwide restrictions on travel and social distancing, in March 2020, we temporarily ceased conducting live sales and fulfillment and furloughed substantially all of our employees. We resumed sales operations in June 2020 with online sales events selling into our suite of online, on-demand, and over-the-phone products. We also resumed online, on-demand, and over-the-phone fulfillment activities in June 2020. We resumed live operations in November 2020, with events in Florida.

 

During 2021, the Company conducted additional live events following strict safety protocols in other areas as lockdown restrictions eased. We have simplified our product offerings and restructured our compensation program with respect to both employees and independent contractors to reduce costs and improve margins, but there can be no assurances that the Company will be effective in selling its products and services, or what the impact such activities will have on our financial performance. In December 2021, we temporarily suspended live in-person events to focus on eLearning opportunities. The temporary suspension continues indefinitely into fiscal year 2022. The ultimate impact from the pandemic on the Company’s operations and financial results will depend on, the ongoing impact of existing and emerging variant strains COVID-19.

 

Changes in Management and Board of Directors

 

On March 8, 2021, the Company’s Board of Directors elected Michel Botbol as a Director, Chairman of the Board, and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. On the same date, the Board appointed James E. May as General Counsel of the Company, a position he held prior to his appointment as Interim Chief Executive Officer of the Company in January 2019. Upon the assumption of his position as General Counsel, Mr. May resigned as Director and Chief Executive Officer.

 

On November 4, 2021, Messrs. Harper and Sucoff notified the Board of Directors of their resignations as a director of the Company and no replacements has been identified to date. Mr. May also resigned on November 4, 2021 and our chief financial officer resigned on November 8, 2021, at which time Barry Kostiner assumed the role of interim principal financial and accounting officer.

 

On December 1, 2021, Mr. Botbol resigned as a Director, Chairman of the Board, and Chief Executive Officer and Mr. Kostiner assumed the multiple roles of Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, and Interim Principal Financial and Accounting Officer.

 

Business Overview

 

We are a provider of practical, high-quality, and value-based educational training on the topics of personal finance, entrepreneurship, real estate investing strategies and techniques. Our programs are offered through a variety of formats and channels, including free workshops, basic trainings, forums, telephone mentoring, one-on-one mentoring, coaching and e-learning.

 

Since January 1, 2020, we have operated under two brands:

 

  Building Wealth with Legacy TM provides practical, high-quality and value-based educational training on the topics of personal finance, entrepreneurship, real estate, financial markets and investing strategies and techniques. This training program encompasses hands-on experience and the true spirit of investing from beginner to educated investor. During the fiscal year 2021, the Company marketed products and services exclusively under this brand.
     
  Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM introduces people to the investor mindset, real estate investing strategies, and ways to generate cash flow that are designed to help build a foundation of knowledge for their financial goals. Homemade Investor events offered nationwide free workshops, 3-day trainings and large stage events with Tarek presenting as the keynote speaker, all selling into our advanced training products. In November 2020, we suspended conducting Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM sales events to focus on developing our proprietary Building Wealth with Legacy TM:

 

Our students pay for their courses in full up-front or through payment agreements with independent third parties. Under United States of America generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), we recognize revenue upon the earlier of (i) when our students take their courses or (ii) the term for taking their course expires, both of which could be several quarters after the student purchases a program and pays the fee. We recognize revenue immediately when we sell our (i) proprietary products delivered at time of sale and (ii) third party products sales. Our symposiums and forums combine multiple advanced training courses in one location, allowing us to achieve certain economies of scale that reduce costs and improve margins while also accelerating U.S. GAAP revenue recognition, while at the same time, enhancing our students’ experience, particularly, for example, through the opportunity to network with other students.

 

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We also provide a richer experience for our students through one-on-one mentoring (two to four days in length, on site or remotely and telephone mentoring (10 to 16 weekly one-on-one or one-on-many telephone sessions). Mentoring involves a subject matter expert interacting with the student remotely or in person and guiding the student, for example, through his or her first real estate transaction, providing a real hands-on experience.

 

Today we are a global company that has cumulatively served more than two million students from more than 150 countries and territories over the course of our operating history.

 

Historically, our operations have relied heavily on our and our students’ ability to travel and attend live events where large groups of people gather in local markets within each of the segments in which we operate. In March 2020, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the resulting worldwide restrictions on travel and social distancing, we temporarily ceased conducting live sales and fulfillment and furloughed substantially all of our employees. We resumed online operations in July 2020, and live operations in November 2020. During fiscal year 2021, the Company conducted live events following strict safety protocols and have simplified our product offerings. In December 2021, the Company temporarily suspended live in-person events.

 

On March 15, 2022, we announced various strategic initiatives for the next 12 months. We are embarking on a number of transactions which we expect will strengthen the Company’s balance sheet and strategic positioning, including relationships with Exampil and multiple education guidance counselors, marketers and non-profits. Further, the foundation of our proposed Nasdaq uplisting includes the potential spinoff of the existing Legacy Education business, which was previously approved by shareholders, and the proposed acquisition of Coopersmith Career Consulting, each of which are in process but we can give no assurance at this time of success.

 

Our operations are managed through three operating segments: (i) North America, (ii) United Kingdom, and (iii) Other Foreign Markets. The United Kingdom and Other Foreign Markets segments are in liquidation and no longer active.

 

The proportion of our total revenue attributable to each segment is as follows:

 

   Years Ended December 31,
As a percentage of total revenue  2021  2020
North America   65.1%   91.1%
U.K.   34.9%   3.3%
Other foreign markets   %   5.6%
Total consolidated revenue   100.0%   100.0%

 

Operating results for the segments are as follows:

 

   Years Ended December 31,
  2021  2020
Segment revenue  (In thousands)
North America  $5,021   $23,596 
U.K.   2,689    846 
Other foreign markets   —    1,472 
Total consolidated revenue  $7,710   $25,914 

 

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Marketing

 

Our various brands are the foundation for our marketing efforts. These brands provide credibility and sustainability within our media mix to promote live events and online trainings. Historically, live onsite two-hour free preview workshops are offered weekly in multiple markets in North America. Marketing these events is primarily through social media posts, internet banner ads, text ads, and emails. Direct mail, radio, television, public relations, and print advertising may also be used to obtain event registrations. We enter into marketing and other agreements with third parties to advertise our products and services. During 2021, we transitioned to offering a diversification of hybrid training courses such as live in person, live online, and on demand for greater accessibility to students.

 

We offer people the opportunity to attend a free preview workshop or advance directly to one of our three-day basic training classes. People who enroll and attend the basic training class receive reference materials relevant to the subject matter to be taught at the class. The basic training course is usually held over a weekend within two to four weeks of the initial free preview workshop. Our experience is that offering the free preview workshop as a first step is an effective way to introduce to our students the methodology of investing, as well as to market and sell our three-day basic training courses.

 

Marketing efforts continue to those customers who choose to continue their education with a three-day basic training class. Welcome letters, product kits that include manuals, books and audio files, an online reference library, and reminder communication letters and emails are all branded for consistency and credibility. Customers at the three-day basic training may choose to continue their education through our elite training classes and mentorships offered during the basic training classes.

 

We utilize different preview brands to market into our advance training division, which we re-branded to Elite Legacy Education to expand our market reach. Elite training classes are fulfilled through various delivery methods to meet the needs of our customers.

 

We also market for new customers who prefer to learn online and provide people the opportunity to attend free ninety-minute live online webinars that are held weekly on six different topics. Webinars are marketed via online banner ads, affiliate marketing, email campaigns, social media and other media methods.

 

Training Programs

 

We have three significant categories for our programs:

 

  Basic training live and online courses,
     
  Elite level live and online training courses, and
     
  Individualized mentoring programs.

 

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Basic Training Courses

 

  Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM
     
  Legacy EducationTM

 

Elite Training Courses

 

Customers who attend our basic training courses may choose to continue with Elite training courses in real estate, financial markets investing and/or entrepreneurship skills. The Elite training courses of study include:

 

Elite Real Estate Courses   Elite Financial Markets Courses
     
  Momentum   Master TraderTM
  Tax and Asset Protection   Options 1
  Wholesale Buying   FOREX
  Discount Notes & Mortgages   Options 2
  Banking Relationships & Short Sale Systems   Elite Options
  Mobile Homes   Asset Protection
  Foreclosure Strategies   Elite FOREX
  Fund, Fix and Flip   FACT (Futures & Commodity Trading)
  Marketing Today      
  Income Properties      
  Tax Liens      
  Lease Options      
  Commercial Real Estate      
  Business Financing & Factoring      
  Domestic Land Development      
  Creative Real Estate Financing      
  Buy, Rent and Hold (North America)      
  Buy, Fix and Sell (North America)      
  Creative Financing (North America)      

 

Elite Business Entrepreneurship Courses      
       
  Business Tax and Asset Protection      
  Top Branding and Marketing Strategies      
  Strategies for Raising Capital      
  Mind Over Money      
  Legacy Business Training      

 

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The goal of our fulfillment strategy is to provide maximum flexibility to the students to allow them take any of their classes in whatever format, and in any combination of formats, that works best for them. Students may access training content through multiple delivery channels, including:

 

  Live Classroom: In-person “one-on-many” intensive 3-day class with a live instructor and any number of students in the same room, at a symposium, a forum or as a stand-alone class.
     
  Live Stream: Interactive real-time streaming of a Live Classroom training that may be viewed by a student remotely via the internet. Live stream classes can be reviewed for 30-days post-class.
     
  Live On-Line: Live presentations of a class in modules presented over a period of weeks with a live instructor and any number of students in any number of locations who attend remotely via the internet. Student has access to recordings of the modules for 30 days after the last live session.
     
  On-Demand: Class that is presented in self-paced pre-recorded modules via internet link with 24/7 access for the life of the contract. Unlike the three “live” fulfillment options, which require the student to attend classes when LEAI schedules them, the On-Demand Options provides the student the flexibility to take the class whenever they want, and as many times as they want, during the life of the student’s contract.

 

Through strategic partners, customers can purchase a license to use supporting software for real estate or financial markets investing. With either software program, a subscription-based data service is available for purchase which allows customers to interactively determine investment options and make better informed decisions about potential investments.

 

Individualized Mentoring and Coaching Programs

 

We offer live, real time, one-on-one mentoring for Real Estate, Business and the Financial Markets that are tailored to meet students’ individual goals and needs. Real Estate mentoring is offered on site at the student’s chosen location, while Financial Market mentoring can be provided either on-site or remotely. Mentoring is intended to give the student a professional assessment of his or her individual goals and experience and to help the student build an investment plan that can be put into action. Mentoring sessions are generally 2 to 4 days in length.

 

Coaching and telephone mentoring programs are typically sold in a number of different subject areas and generally delivered in 10 to 16 weekly one-on-one telephone sessions. Some of the topics include Real Estate Coaching, Financial Markets Coaching and Business Coaching. A set curriculum approach is generally used. Each module comes with assignments, exercises and reading materials to be completed between sessions.

 

Competition

 

During our more than 20-year history, we have competed with several organizations within the U.S. and internationally. Our primary competitors are Fortune Builders and Mayflower Alliance Ltd. Some of these competitors have established brands through a media-based relationship, such as HGTV, and use television programs to promote their brands.

 

The main competitors to our financial markets strategies and techniques course offerings are large institutional brokerage houses, who have been offering education as a way to expand their client portfolio.

 

Generally, competitive factors within the proprietary training market include:

 

  The range and depth of course offerings;
     
  The quality of trainers;
     
  The quality of reference materials provided in connection with course studies; and
     
  Cost.

 

We believe that the range and depth of our course offerings, the quality of our trainers and reference materials are comparable or superior to those of our competitors. Typically, our trainers for our Elite courses have been active investors in their chosen field, have been trained by us and, to a large degree, are previous customers of our programs. Trainers for our Elite courses are chosen based on their knowledge and experience with the coursework covered and are further qualified by meeting knowledge standards developed internally.

 

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Brand Development Agreement with the T&B Seminars, Inc.

 

Effective December 23, 2019, we entered into a Real Estate Education Training Program Development Agreement (the “Development Agreement”) with T&B Seminars, Inc. (“T&B”), an affiliate of Tarek El Moussa, pursuant to which Holdings and Tarek El Moussa agreed to develop and operate a seminar style education business that will use, among other things, the names, images, and likenesses of Tarek El Moussa to market and sell customers real estate investing oriented education products. Pursuant to the Development Agreement, T&B granted to the Company a sole and exclusive worldwide license to certain intellectual property, including, certain trademarks and copyrights and the name, image and likeness of Tarek El Moussa, in each case to the extent necessary for Holdings to develop and create educational materials and promote and conduct a branded real estate seminar style education business that uses the intellectual property.

 

As consideration for the licensed rights under the Development Agreement, Holdings agreed to pay T&B base royalty percentages on cash sales of products to persons responding to a branded marketing campaign that uses the licensed intellectual property. Also, as consideration for Tarek El Moussa providing certain marketing support, Holdings agreed to pay T&B marketing royalty percentages on cash sales of products at live events and at online webinars to persons responding to a branded marketing campaign that uses the licensed intellectual property. Furthermore, as consideration for the exclusivity of the rights under the Development Agreement, commencing on the seventh month of the term of the Development Agreement, Holdings agreed that the monthly royalties paid to T&B will not be less than an agreed to amount.

 

The Development Agreement has an initial term of five years and will automatically renew thereafter for successive five-year terms unless either party provides prior written notice of termination no less than 90 days prior to the end of such five-year term.

 

The Company commenced sales activities under the Development Agreement under the Homemade Investor brand in January 2020 but as a result of the expanding COVID-19 pandemic, we suspended conducting live in-persons sales events in March 2020. Subsequently, we suspended online sales events during the third quarter of 2020 to focus on our new flagship brand Building Wealth with LegacyTM. During 2021, the Company is still fulfilling student contracts.

 

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Human Capital Resources

 

As of December 31, 2021, we had approximately 19 full-time employees, of whom 19, or 100 % were in our North America segment. In addition, we employ part-time employees in various capacities and independent contractors who are trainers, coaches or mentors. Our employees are not represented by a labor union, and we believe our relations with our employees are satisfactory. We are committed to providing competitive pay, healthcare, and a comprehensive benefits package in order to recruit and maintain employees. Our independent contractors are either paid commissions based upon the dollar value of the courses purchased by customers at our free preview workshops and basic training courses or are paid fixed fees for teaching and mentoring Elite courses. Independent contractors are required to execute agreements with us that set forth their commission structures and typically contain confidentiality and non-competition provisions. We continue to build a diverse, inclusive, and safe work environment to attract, develop, and retain top talent. The COVID-19 pandemic provided an opportunity to build a remote workforce with resources and support to succeed.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

There is substantial doubt on our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Our independent registered public accounting firm has issued a going concern qualification as part of its audit report that accompanies our 2021 audited financial statements included herein. As stated in the notes to our audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, we have a working capital deficit and have accumulated a significant deficit. Our continued existence is dependent upon our ability to continue to execute our operating plan and to obtain additional debt or equity financing. We do not have an established source of funds sufficient to cover operating costs and accordingly, there can be no assurance that the necessary debt or equity financing will be available, or will be available on terms acceptable to us, in which case we may be unable to meet our obligations or fully implement our business plan, if at all. Additionally, should we be unable to realize our assets and discharge our liabilities in the normal course of business, the net realizable value of our assets may be materially less than the amounts recorded in our financial statements.

 

The Company is attempting to implement a new business strategy and effect a Nasdaq uplisting, and there can be no assurances that these efforts will be successful.

 

Recently we announced several strategic initiatives with the aim of expanding our customer base, launching real estate SPAC investment vehicles, improving our social media presence, entering into strategic relationships, spinning off our existing business and uplisting onto the Nasdaq Capital Markets. However, these initiatives are ongoing and there can be no assurance that any of these efforts will be successful or if any of them are in fact successful, that it or they will result in greater revenue, profitability, trading volume, stock price and/or other benefit to the Company or its stockholders.

 

The concentration of our business under one brand or a small number of brands could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operation if we were unable to conduct business under such brands.

 

The alteration, or termination of any brand development or the suspension or termination of sales activities thereunder, would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Reliance on a Legacy Education Alliance focused branding strategy could result in a material adverse effect on our business, financial conditions and results of operations if consumer acceptance of such brand is insufficient to attract new customers.

 

Recently, our branding strategy has relied on using the goodwill and notoriety associated with our third-party branding licensors, such as Rich Dad, Tarek El Moussa, and others, to attract new customers. Any shift to a branding strategy that focuses on the Company as a brand, rather than on a third party, could adversely affect our business if consumer acceptance of such proprietary brand is insufficient to drive sales.

 

The termination of our license agreement to Rich Dad Education brand has materially adversely impacted our business, financial condition and results of operations, given the high concentration of sales from course offerings under Rich Dad Education brand.

 

Our Rich Dad® Education real estate and financial market course offerings accounted for approximately 55.8% of our total revenue in 2021. Our 2013 License Agreement with Rich Dad ®, as amended, expired on September 30, 2019. Notwithstanding the expiration of the License Agreement, the Company may continue to use Licensed Intellectual Property, as defined in the License Agreement, including, but not limited to, the Rich Dad trademark and stylized logo, for the purpose of honoring and fulfilling orders by its customers in existence as of the date of the expiration of the Agreement.

 

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The termination of any of our merchant processor agreements and/or material changes to the terms and conditions of these agreements would materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations, given the high concentration of sales from course offerings procured by our customers using credit cards.

 

A significant percentage of our sales are processed through credit card transactions, and we are dependent on our merchant processor relationships to facilitate these transactions under favorable terms. Although we generally have been able to renew or extend the terms of contractual arrangements with third parties merchant processors on acceptable terms, there can be no assurance that we will continue to be able to do so in the future. Interruptions in service, or the imposition of reserve accounts in amounts not acceptable to us, could have a material adverse impact on our liquidity. In addition, if any of these services providers were to stop providing services to us on acceptable terms, we may be unable to procure alternatives from other third parties in a timely and efficient manner and on acceptable terms, or at all. This could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The inability of our customers to finance the purchase of our products through credit cards or third-party financing would materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Our customers rely on financing, whether through credit cards or third-party financing, to purchase our products. Any limitation on the ability of our customers to obtain access to credit may impact our customers’ ability to purchase our products. This could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

The ability of any of our merchant processors to continue to operate and refund our merchant reserves pursuant to the terms of the agreements would materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Our merchant processors withhold a percentage of our sales as part of our restricted cash reserves. Release of the restricted cash is at the sole discretion of the merchant processor. Although we generally have been able to obtain releases from time to time, and pursuant to the terms of the merchant processor agreement, there can be no assurances that we will be able to do so in the future if the merchant processor’s ability to continue to operate becomes doubtful, including, but not limited to, illiquidity or fraud. This could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Our management has identified internal control deficiencies, which our management believe constitute material weaknesses.

 

Our management has determined that we presently do not have an internal control system or procedures that are effective and may be relied upon in connection with our financial reporting. The weaknesses in our internal control system that were identified by our management generally include weakness that present a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be identified, prevented, or detected on a timely basis, and specifically include:

 

  Financial Reporting Systems: The weakness in our internal control system identified by our management relate to the implementation of our new ERP system, which went into production on January 1, 2018. Our ERP software is not able to produce complete and accurate information in regard to revenues and deferred revenues for consistent financial reporting purposes.

 

If we fail to effectively remediate any of these material weaknesses or other material weaknesses or deficiencies in our control environment that may be identified in the future, we may be unable to accurately report our financial results or report them within the time frames required by law or exchange regulations, to the extent applicable, which would have a negative impact on us and our share price.

 

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Our cash flows from operations have not been restored to pre-pandemic sales. If this trend were to continue in the future, it could impair our ability to fund our working capital needs and adversely affect our financial condition.

 

Our management currently projects that our available cash balances will not be sufficient to maintain our operations during 2022. In addition, when considering all of the applicable operational and external risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to cash generated from new and ongoing business initiatives, our ability to effectively execute our strategies, relationships with our credit card processors, potential claims against the Company related to the insolvency of certain its foreign subsidiaries, and potential current and future litigation matters, we believe that we may not be adequately capitalized. We may seek to obtain additional capital through the issuance of equity or debt, which may dilute the equity holdings of our current investors. In addition, we may seek to borrow additional capital from institutional and commercial banks or other sources to fund future operations on terms that may include restrictive covenants, liens on assets, high effective interest rates, and repayment provisions that reduce our cash resources and limit future access to capital markets. We are actively engaging in negotiations for bridge financing as part of a Nasdaq uplisting transaction. We do not currently have any commitments for future external funding. Our ability to raise additional capital may be adversely impacted by the economic environment. If we cannot generate the required cash to sustain operations or obtain additional capital on acceptable terms, we will need to make further revisions to our business plan, sell or liquidate assets, or limit or discontinue some or all of our operations.

 

Our ability to fulfill debt obligations could adversely affect working capital needs and financial condition.

 

If the business is unable to meet cash flow demands to fulfill debt obligations timely, there is a risk of default on the debt to creditors.

 

Our operations outside the United States subject us to additional risks inherent in international operations.

 

Traditionally, we have operated in the United Kingdom, Canada, Hong Kong, South Africa and other international markets in addition to our U.S. operations. As a result, we face risks that are inherent in international operations, including:

 

  Complexity of operations across borders, including the ability to identify and obtain staff, sales speakers, trainers and suppliers;
     
  Currency exchange rate fluctuations;
     
  Restrictions on the movements of cash;
     
  Multiple and possibly overlapping or conflicting tax laws;
     
  Applicability of training concepts to foreign markets;
     
  Compliance with foreign regulatory requirements including anti-corruption, banking, cash repatriation, and data and privacy protection;
     
  Political instability;
     
  Travel restrictions; and
     
  Price controls or restrictions on exchange of foreign currencies.

 

If we are unable to successfully manage these and other factors, our business could be adversely affected, and our financial condition and results of operations could suffer.

 

11

 

 

Failure to comply with laws, regulations and policies, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or other applicable anti-corruption legislation, could result in fines, criminal penalties and an adverse effect on our business.

 

We are subject to regulation under a wide variety of U.S. federal and state and non-U.S. laws, regulations and policies, including anti-corruption laws and export-import compliance and trade laws, and data protection due to our global operations. In particular, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010 and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies, their agents, consultants and other business partners from making improper payments to government officials or other persons (i.e., commercial bribery) for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business or other improper advantage. They also impose recordkeeping and internal control provisions on companies such as ours. We operate and/or conduct business in some parts of the world, such as Hong Kong, that are recognized as having governmental and commercial corruption and in such countries, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. Under some circumstances, a parent company may be civilly and criminally liable for bribes paid by a subsidiary. We cannot assure you that our internal control policies and procedures have protected us, or will protect us, from unlawful conduct of our employees, agents, consultants, and other business partners. In the event that we believe or have reason to believe that violations may have occurred, including without limitation violations of anti-corruption laws, we may be required to investigate and/or have outside counsel investigate the relevant facts and circumstances, which can be expensive and require significant time and attention from senior management. Violation may result in substantial civil and/or criminal fines, disgorgement of profits, sanctions and penalties, debarment from future work with governments, curtailment of operations in certain jurisdictions, and imprisonment of the individuals involved. As a result, any such violations may materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition. In addition, actual or alleged violations could damage our reputation and ability to do business. Any of these impacts could have a material, adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

 

Uncertain economic conditions and other changes experienced by our customers, including the willingness to trade or invest in securities or real estate, could influence their willingness to spend their discretionary income on our course offerings and products, and could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Uncertain economic conditions may affect our customers’ discretionary income, access to credit and ability and willingness to purchase our courses offerings and products. Economic conditions and consumer spending are influenced by a wide range of factors that are beyond our control. These conditions include but are not limited to:

 

  Demand for our course offerings and related products;
     
  Conditions in the securities and investment markets;
     
  Conditions in the real estate market;
     
  Availability of mortgage financing and other forms of credit and consumer credit;
     
  General economic and business conditions;
     
  Adverse changes in consumer confidence levels;
     
  General political developments;
     
  Adverse weather or natural or man-made disasters; and
     
  Regional, national and/or worldwide pandemics, or other public health risks.

 

Any decreased interest in real estate and/or financial markets investing strategies and techniques in the future could impact our brands. Additionally, a prolonged economic downturn or uncertainty over future economic conditions, could increase these effects on our business. In addition, our ongoing business expansion efforts and related operational changes add to the difficulty and risk of forecasting the timing, magnitude, and direction of operational and financial outcomes with respect to our business.

 

We have only a limited ability to protect our intellectual property rights, which are important to our success.

 

Our financial success depends, in part, upon our ability to protect our brand names, curriculums, and other proprietary and licensed intellectual property. The existing laws of some countries in which we conduct business might offer only limited protection of our intellectual property rights. To protect our intellectual property, we rely upon a combination of confidentiality policies, nondisclosure, and other contractual arrangements, as well as copyright and trademark laws. The steps we take in this regard may not be adequate to prevent or deter infringement or other misappropriation of our intellectual property, and we might not be able to detect unauthorized use of, or take appropriate and timely steps to enforce, our intellectual property rights, especially in foreign jurisdictions. The loss of proprietary content or the unauthorized use of our intellectual property, including our brand names, may create significant market confusion and result in greater competition, loss of revenue, and adverse publicity.

 

12

 

 

We face significant competition in our markets.

 

Our success depends upon our ability to attract customers by providing high-quality courses and training materials, as well as to attract and retain quality trainers to provide those courses. The market for training courses for specific business issues, such as real estate or stock market investing, is intensely competitive. If we are unable to successfully compete, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be materially harmed. Certain competitors may have access to certain marketing channels or be able to secure alliances with customers and affiliates on more favorable terms, devote greater resources to marketing and promotional campaigns and devote substantially more resources to course development than we can. In addition, it is possible that certain competitors, or potential competitors, could reduce their pricing to levels that would make it difficult for us to compete. Increased competition may result in reduced operating margins, as well as loss of market share and brand recognition. Our success is dependent on our ability to successfully attract customers to programs that they feel will enhance their knowledge and enhance their earning power. Their level of satisfaction with our course offerings affects our reputation as they tell others about their experience. Our business could suffer if we fail to deliver quality programs at acceptable price points.

 

In addition, in order to compete effectively in our markets, we may need to change our business in significant ways. For example, to respond to market competition we may change our pricing, product, or service offerings, make key decisions about technology changes or marketing strategies, or acquire additional businesses or technologies. Any of these actions could hurt our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Competitors continually introduce new programs that may compete directly with our offerings that may make our offerings uncompetitive or obsolete. Larger competitors may have superior abilities to compete for customers and skilled professionals, reducing our ability to deliver our quality offerings to our customers.

 

Laws and regulations can affect the operation of our business and may limit our ability to operate in certain jurisdictions.

 

Federal, state, and international laws and regulations impact our operations and may limit our ability to obtain authorization to operate in some states or countries. Many federal, state, and international governmental agencies assert authority to regulate providers of investment training programs. Failure to comply with these regulations could result in legal action instituted by the jurisdictions, including cease and desist and injunctive actions. In the event we are subject to such legal action, our reputation could be harmed and the demand for our course offerings and products could be significantly reduced. We are involved from time to time in routine legal matters incidental to our business, including disputes with students and information requests from state regulatory agencies. Based upon available information, we believe that the resolution of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations. Future regulatory changes with respect to the various topics of our courses or the investment techniques we teach, could also impact the content of our course offerings, which in turn, could negatively impact future sales.

 

Cyber-attacks as well as improper disclosure or control of personal information could result in liability and harm our reputation, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

 

We are dependent on information technology networks and systems to process, transmit and store electronic information and to communicate among our locations around the world and with our customers. Security breaches of this infrastructure could lead to shutdowns or disruptions of our systems and potential unauthorized disclosure of confidential information. We are also required at times to manage, utilize and store sensitive or confidential customer or employee data. While we take measures to protect the security of, and unauthorized access to, our systems, as well as the privacy of personal and proprietary information, it is possible that our security controls over our systems, as well as other security practices we follow, may not prevent the improper access to or disclosure of personally identifiable or proprietary information. In addition, much of our financial, customer, and employee data resides on third party equipment not within our custody or control such that we cannot prevent the improper access to or disclosure of such data or might be prevented from accessing such data for our own purposes. Any such disclosures or inability to access our proprietary information could harm our reputation and subject us to liability under our contracts and laws that protect personal data, or negatively impact our ability to manage operations resulting in increased costs or loss of revenue. Further, data privacy is subject to frequently changing rules and regulations, which sometimes conflict among the various jurisdictions and countries in which we provide services.

 

13

 

 

The European Union’s (“EU”) General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) took effect in May 2018 and requires EU member states to meet new and more stringent requirements regarding the handling of personal data. Failure to meet the GDPR requirements could result in substantial penalties of up to the greater of €20 million or 4% of global annual revenue of the preceding financial year. Additionally, compliance with the GDPR has resulted in increased operational costs to implement new procedures corresponding to new legal rights granted under the law. Although the GDPR applies across the EU without a need for local implementing legislation, local data protection authorities still have the ability to interpret the GDPR through so-called opening clauses, which permit region-specific data protection legislation and have the potential to create inconsistencies on a country-by-country basis.

 

Our efforts to comply with GDPR and other privacy and data protection laws may impose significant costs and challenges that are likely to increase over time. Our failure to adhere to or successfully implement processes in response to changing regulatory requirements in this area could result in impairment to our reputation in the marketplace and we could incur substantial penalties or litigation related to violation of existing or future data privacy laws and regulations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are highly dependent on our senior management, high performing sales speakers and course trainers, and if we are not able to retain them or to recruit and retain additional qualified personnel, our business could suffer.

 

We are highly dependent upon our senior management. With the departure of all of the board members and executives other than Mr. Kostiner, we do not yet know how having a sole executive officer and director will affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations in the near or long term.

 

In addition, our business model is predicated on our ability to provide our customers with qualified and experienced trainers, coaches, and mentors. The loss of services of Mr. Kostiner, any future other members of our senior management, or high performing sales speakers or course trainers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

We may increase our management personnel to obtain certain additional functional capability, including regulatory, sales, business development, e-commerce, and quality assurance and control, either by hiring additional personnel or by outsourcing these functions to qualified third parties. We may not be able to engage these third parties on terms favorable to us. Also, we may not be able to attract and retain qualified personnel on acceptable terms given the competition for such personnel among companies that operate in our markets. If we fail to identify, attract, retain and motivate highly skilled personnel, or if we lose current employees or contractors, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. We currently do not maintain key man insurance on any member of our senior executive management team.

 

Our ability to sell and fulfill courses may be affected by public health risks, adverse weather, natural disaster, strikes or other unpredictable or uncontrollable events.

 

Adverse weather, natural disasters, external labor disruptions, pandemics, and other adverse events may affect our ability to conduct our business and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Public health risks, such as epidemics or pandemics, and severe weather or natural disasters, such as hurricanes, blizzards, floods and earthquakes, and other events beyond our control may reduce the ability or willingness of our students to travel to or otherwise attend our events. These events may also disrupt the printing and transportation of the materials used in our direct mail campaigns. Furthermore, postal strikes could occur in the countries where we operate which could delay and reduce delivery of our direct mail marketing materials. Transportation strikes could also occur in the countries where we operate, adversely affecting our ability to conduct business.

 

Remote working conditions could materially adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company may experience different and additional risks, such as decreased worker productivity as a result of remote working arrangements, increased medical, emergency or other leave could materially adversely impact our business, financial conditions and results of operations. Since the pandemic, the Company has been operating with all of its workforce working remotely. In addition, an extended period of remote working by the Company’s employees could strain its technology resources and introduce operational risks, including heightened cybersecurity risk. Remote working environments may be less secure and more susceptible to hacking attacks, including phishing and social engineering attempts that seek to exploit the remote working conditions.

 

14

 

 

Risks Related to Ownership of Our Common Stock

 

We may issue additional shares of common or preferred stock that subordinate your rights and dilute your equity interests.

 

We may need to raise investment capital for us to successfully execute our business strategy and it may be preferable or necessary to issue preferred stock to investors. Preferred stock may grant the holders certain preferential rights in voting, dividends, liquidation or other rights in preference over a company’s common stock.

 

The issuance by us of common or preferred stock could dilute both the equity interests and the earnings per share of existing holders of our Common Stock. Such dilution may be substantial, depending upon the number of shares issued. The newly authorized shares of preferred stock could also have voting rights superior to our Common Stock, and in such event, would have a dilutive effect on the voting power of our existing stockholders.

 

Any issuance of common or preferred stock with voting rights could, under certain circumstances, have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of us by increasing the number of outstanding shares entitled to vote and by increasing the number of votes required to approve a change in control of us. Shares of voting or convertible common or preferred stock could be issued, or rights to purchase such shares could be issued, to render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of us by means of a tender offer, proxy contest, merger or otherwise. Such issuances could therefore deprive our stockholders of benefits that could result from such an attempt, such as the realization of a premium over the market price that such an attempt could cause. Moreover, the issuance of such shares of common or preferred stock to persons friendly to our Board of Directors could make it more difficult to remove incumbent managers and directors from office even if such change were to be favorable to stockholders generally.

 

We do not currently have enough authorized shares of common stock under our charter to meet all of our potential obligations to third parties.

 

Our Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation provide for 200,000,000 authorized shares of our common stock. We currently have commitments to third parties, including pursuant to convertible debentures, warrants and options, to issue a number of shares in the aggregate that with the 33,917,697 shares currently outstanding, would result in us issuing more shares than what we have authorized. Accordingly, in order to meet all of such obligations, we will need to amend our charter to increase the authorized shares of our common stock. We can give no assurance that we will obtain the requisite affirmative vote of our shareholders to so amend our charter, in which case we may default under any such obligations to the extent we do not have the authorized shares to issue, which could adversely affect our financial condition and the market for our shares.

 

Our Common Stock has a limited trading market, which could affect your ability to sell shares of our Common Stock and the price you may receive for our Common Stock.

 

Our Common Stock is currently traded in the over-the-counter market and “bid” and “asked” quotations regularly appear on the OTCQB maintained by OTC Markets, Inc. under the symbol “LEAI”. There is limited trading volume in our securities. We cannot predict the extent to which investors’ interest in our Common Stock will provide an active and liquid trading market, which could depress the trading price of our Common Stock and could have a long-term adverse impact on our ability to raise capital in the future. We may be vulnerable to investors taking a “short position” in our Common Stock, which would likely have a depressing effect on the price of our Common Stock and add increased volatility to our trading market. The volatility of the market for our Common Stock could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. There cannot be any guarantee that an active trading market for our securities will develop or, if such a market does develop, will be sustained. Accordingly, investors must be able to bear the financial risk of losing their entire investment in our Common Stock.

 

Being an SEC reporting company imposes costs and compliance risks.

 

Compliance with the periodic reporting requirements required by the SEC consumes a considerable amount of both internal, as well external, resources and represents a significant cost for us. Our management will be required to administer appropriate programs and policies in responding to increased legal, regulatory compliance, and reporting requirements, and any failure to do so could lead to the imposition of fines and penalties and harm our business.

 

In addition, if we are unable to continue to devote adequate funding and the resources needed to maintain such compliance, while continuing our operations, we may be in non-compliance with applicable SEC rules or the securities laws, and be delisted from the OTCQB or other market we may be listed on, which would result in a decrease in or absence of liquidity in our Common Stock, and potentially subject us and our officers and directors to civil, criminal and/or administrative proceedings and cause us to voluntarily file for deregistration of our Common Stock with the Commission.

 

15

 

 

Future sales of our Common Stock in the public market could lower the price of our Common Stock, dilute your equity interests, and impair our ability to raise funds in future securities offerings.

 

We may decide to raise additional capital through the sale of our securities or through other instruments both of which could result in the issuance of additional shares of our Common Stock. The issuance by us of Common Stock could dilute both the equity interests and the earnings per share of existing holders of our Common Stock. Such dilution may be substantial, depending upon the number of shares issued. In addition, future issuances of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could adversely affect the then prevailing market price of our Common Stock and could make it more difficult for us to raise funds in the future through the sale of our securities.

 

In the event we raise capital through a private placement of our Common Stock and/or other securities convertible into shares of our Common Stock, such offering could dilute both the equity interests and the earnings per share of our stockholders. Such dilution may be substantial, depending upon the number of shares issued in any potential private placement.

 

The market price of our Common Stock may be volatile and may be affected by market conditions beyond our control.

 

The market for our Common Stock is characterized by significant price volatility when compared to seasoned issuers, and we expect that our share price will continue to be more volatile than a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. The volatility in our share price is attributable to a number of factors. First, our shares of Common Stock are sporadically and thinly traded. As a consequence of this lack of liquidity, the trading of relatively small quantities of shares by our stockholders may disproportionately influence the price of those shares in either direction. The price for our shares could, for example, decline precipitously in the event that a large number of shares of our Common Stock are sold on the market without commensurate demand, as compared to a seasoned issuer which could better absorb those sales without adverse impact on its share price. Second, we are a speculative or “risky” investment due to our limited operating history, and uncertainty of future market acceptance for our potential products. As a consequence of this enhanced risk, more risk-averse investors may, under the fear of losing all or most of their investment in the event of negative news or lack of progress, be more inclined to sell their shares on the market more quickly and at greater discounts than would be the case with the stock of a seasoned issuer. Many of these factors are beyond our control and may decrease the market price of our Common Stock, regardless of our operating performance. We cannot make any predictions or projections as to what the prevailing market price for our Common Stock will be at any time, including as to whether our Common Stock will sustain its current market price, or as to what effect the sale of shares or the availability of Common Stock for sale at any time will have on the prevailing market price.

 

The market price of our Common Stock is subject to significant fluctuations in response to, among other factors:

 

  changes in our financial performance or a change in financial estimates or recommendations by securities analysts;
     
  announcements of innovations or new products or services by us or our competitors;
     
  the emergence of new competitors or success of our existing competitors;
     
  operating and market price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable;
     
  changes in our Board of Directors or management;
     
  sales or purchases of our Common Stock by insiders;
     
  commencement of, or involvement in, litigation;
     
  changes in governmental regulations;
     
  general economic conditions and slow or negative growth of related markets and;
     
  other risks related to our business as set forth above.

 

16

 

 

In addition, if the market for stock in our industry, or the stock market in general, experience a loss of investor confidence, the market price of our Common Stock could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, financial condition, or results of operations. If any of the foregoing occurs, it could cause the price of our Common Stock to fall and may expose us to lawsuits that, even if unsuccessful, could be costly to defend and distract our Board of Directors and management.

 

We do not intend to pay dividends for the foreseeable future, and you must rely on increases in the market prices of our Common Stock for returns on your investment.

 

For the foreseeable future, we intend to retain any earnings to finance the development and expansion of our business, and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our Common Stock. Accordingly, investors must be prepared to rely on sales of their Common Stock after price appreciation to earn an investment return, which may never occur. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our Common Stock. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on our results of operations, financial condition, contractual restrictions, restrictions imposed by applicable law and other factors our Board of Directors deems relevant.

 

We are subject to penny stock regulations and restrictions, and you may have difficulty selling shares of our Common Stock.

 

The Commission has adopted regulations which generally define so-called “penny stocks” as an equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exemptions. Our Common Stock is a “penny stock”, and we are subject to Rule 15g-9 under the Exchange Act, or the Penny Stock Rule. This rule imposes additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers that sell such securities to persons other than established customers and “accredited investors” (generally, individuals with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with their spouses). For transactions covered by Rule 15g-9, a broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale. As a result, this rule affects the ability of broker-dealers to sell our securities and affects the ability of purchasers to sell any of our securities in the secondary market.

 

For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require delivery, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, of a disclosure schedule prepared by the Commission relating to the penny stock market. Disclosure is also required to be made about sales commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, monthly statements are required to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stock.

 

There can be no assurance that our shares of Common Stock will qualify for exemption from the Penny Stock Rule. In any event, even if our Common Stock were exempt from the Penny Stock Rule, we would remain subject to Section 15(b)(6) of the Exchange Act, which gives the Commission the authority to restrict any person from participating in a distribution of penny stock if the Commission finds that such a restriction would be in the public interest.

 

In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) has adopted similar rules that may also limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our Common Stock. FINRA rules require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for such customer. Prior to recommending speculative low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. The FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our Common Stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.

 

17

 

 

Anti-takeover provisions could limit the ability of a third party to acquire us.

 

On February 15, 2017, we adopted a limited duration Shareholder Rights Plan (the “Plan”). Under the Plan, one preferred stock purchase right will be distributed for each share of common stock held by stockholders of record on March 2, 2017. The rights will trade with the common stock and will not be separable or exercisable until such time as the Plan is triggered. The Plan was scheduled to expire on February 15, 2019, subject to the Company’s right to extend such date, unless earlier redeemed or exchanged by the Company or terminated.

 

On November 12, 2018, the Board of Directors of Legacy Education Alliance, Inc. (the “Company”) approved an amendment (the “Amendment”) to the Rights Agreement dated as of February 16, 2017 by and between the Company and VStock Transfer LLC (VStock), as Rights Agent (the “Rights Agreement”), to (i) extend the Final Expiration Date, as defined in the Rights Agreement, to the close of business on February 15, 2021, and (ii) to provide for the construction of the Rights Agreement and all other related documents in a manner consistent with the extension of the Final Expiration Date.

 

On November 25, 2019, we entered into an assumption agreement with Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions, Inc. (Broadridge), whereby Broadridge assumes the role of Rights Agent under the Rights Agreement, effectively replacing VStock as Rights Agent.

 

On February 12, 2021, the Board of Directors of Legacy Education Alliance, Inc. (the “Company”) approved an amendment (the “Amendment”) to the Rights Agreement dated as of February 16, 2017 by and between the Company and Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions, Inc., successor to VStock Transfer LLC (VStock), as Rights Agent (the “Rights Agreement”), to (i) extend the Final Expiration Date, as defined in the Rights Agreement, to the close of business on February 15, 2023, and (ii) to provide for the construction of the Rights Agreement and all other related documents in a manner consistent with the extension of the Final Expiration Date.

 

The extension of the Final Expiration Date under the Rights Agreement was entered into to ensure that the Board of Directors would continue to have sufficient time to consider any proposal from a third party that might result in a change in control of the Company, to ensure that all stockholders receive fair and equal treatment in the event of any such a proposal, and to encourage any potential acquirer to negotiate with the Board of Directors. In addition, extending the Rights Agreement will guard against partial tender offers, open market accumulations and other coercive tactics aimed at gaining control of the Company without paying all stockholders a full control premium for their shares. The Rights Agreement was not amended in response to any specific takeover offer.

 

The Nevada Revised Statutes, which is the general corporate law applicable to us, contain provisions governing an acquisition of controlling interest of us. These provisions provide generally that any person or entity that acquires a certain percentage of our outstanding voting shares may be denied voting rights with respect to the acquired shares, unless the acquisition is approved by both (i) the holders of a majority of the voting shares of our stock, and (ii) if the acquisition would adversely alter or change any preference or other right given to any other class or series of outstanding shares, the holders of a majority of each class or series effected, excluding the shares held by any interested person (including, such acquiring person or entity, an officer or a director of the corporation, and an employee of the corporation). This provision of the Nevada Revised Statutes could impede an acquisition of us even if a premium would be paid to our stockholders for their shares.

 

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ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

The following table sets forth our office locations as of December 31, 2021:

 

Purpose   Location   Own/lease   Approximate
square footage
    Lease
expiration
Executive offices   Cape Coral, FL   Lease     1,600     09/30/2022
              1,600      

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2020, we cancelled all of our outstanding lease arrangements for office space and equipment.

 

On October 1, 2020, 1612 E. Cape Coral Parkway Holding Co., LLC (“Seller”), a subsidiary of the Company, closed on the sale of the real property and improvements located at 1612 E. Cape Coral Parkway, Cape Coral, Florida (the “Property”) for $2.5 million to Daniel Thom, as Trustee of Torstonbo Trust, a Florida revocable trust (“Buyer). A portion of the proceeds realized by the Seller from the sale of the Property were used to satisfy Seller’s obligations under a Promissory Note (“Note”) and Mortgage, Assignment of Rents, and Security Agreement (collectively, the “Loan Documents”) entered into on August 6, 2020, with Northern Equity Group, Inc., JKH Ventures, Inc., and Donald Ross, LLC pursuant to which Seller had borrowed the principal amount of $1 million. The Seller’s obligations under the Loan Documents were secured by a first mortgage on the Property. The net proceeds realized by the Seller from the sale of the Property were $1.24 million after deductions for repayment of the Note, broker commissions, and other fees, and costs.

 

The Property served as the Company’s headquarters until its sale date. On October 1, 2020, the Company relocated the headquarters to 1490 N.E. Pine Island Road, Suite 5D, Cape Coral, FL 33909 and entered into a two-year operating lease for the new 1,600 square feet office and warehouse space. The new lease provides the Company an option to extend the term of the lease for a third year. The lease obligation is approximately $32 thousand plus other costs for shared services, maintenance, and sales tax over the course of its life.

 

We believe that our facilities are adequate for our current purposes.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

See Note 16 “Commitments and Contingencies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report for information about legal proceedings in which we are involved.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not Applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market Information

 

Our shares of Common Stock are quoted on the OTCQB Market under the symbol LEAI. Prior to our Merger, our shares were quoted on the OTCQB Market under the symbol PRCD commencing on April 7, 2014. The following table shows the high and low bid prices of our common stock for the periods indicated. These quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, markdown or commissions, and may not represent actual transactions.

 

   High   Low 
Year ended December 31, 2021          
Fourth Quarter  $0.12   $0.06 
Third Quarter  $0.14   $0.08 
Second Quarter  $0.16   $0.06 
First Quarter  $0.17   $0.08 
Year ended December 31, 2020          
Fourth Quarter  $0.15   $0.04 
Third Quarter  $0.11   $0.03 
Second Quarter  $0.14   $0.07 
First Quarter  $0.20   $0.08 

 

Holders

 

As of December 31, 2021, there were approximately 220 registered stockholders of record for our Common Stock. The number of stockholders does not include beneficial owners holding shares through nominee names.

 

Dividends

 

We have not paid out any cash dividends for the past two years and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our Common Stock for the foreseeable future.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The Company’s 2015 Equity Plan (the “2015 Incentive Plan”) was approved by the stockholders at our annual meeting of stockholders on July 16, 2015. The 2015 Incentive Plan reserves 5,000,000 shares of our Common Stock for stock options, restricted stock, and a variety of other types of equity awards. The text of the 2015 Incentive Plan is included in the attachment marked as Appendix B to the Company’s Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 16, 2015. The financial activity pertaining to our employees and directors under the 2015 Incentive Plan is incorporated by reference to Note 8 “Share-Based Compensation” of our consolidated financial statements, presented herein.

 

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ITEM 6. [Reserved]

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. This discussion contains forward-looking statements and involves numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to those described in Item 1A. Risk Factors and below under the caption “Outlook.” Actual results may differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 

Business Overview

 

We are a provider of practical, high-quality, and value-based educational training on the topics of personal finance, entrepreneurship, real estate investing strategies and techniques. Our programs are offered through a variety of formats and channels, including free workshops, basic trainings, forums, telephone mentoring, one-on-one mentoring, coaching and e-learning. We are continuing to manage the impact of COVID-19, which is discussed below. In November 2020, we held our first live post-COVID events.

 

During 2021, the Company conducted additional live events following strict safety protocols in other areas as lockdown restrictions eased. We have simplified our product offerings and restructured our compensation program with respect to both employees and independent contractors to reduce costs and improve margins, but there can be no assurances that the Company will be effective in selling its products and services, or what the impact such activities will have on our financial performance. Due to the pandemic, we have shifted focus to eLearning opportunities.

 

Since January 1, 2020, we have operated under two brands:

 

  Building Wealth with Legacy TM: provides practical, high-quality and value-based educational training on the topics of personal finance, entrepreneurship, real estate, financial markets and investing strategies and techniques. This training program encompasses hands-on experience and the true spirit of investing from beginner to educated investor. In response to the limitations on travel and the social distancing protocols arising out of the Coronavirus pandemic, the Company began marketing its Legacy EducationTM products transitioning to brand name Building Wealth with LegacyTM.
     
  Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM introduces people to the investor mindset, real estate investing strategies, and ways to generate cash flow that are designed to help build a foundation of knowledge for their financial goals. Homemade Investor events offered nationwide free workshops, 3-day trainings and large stage events with Tarek presenting as the keynote speaker, all selling into our advanced training products. In November 2020, we suspended conducting Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM sales events to focus on developing our proprietary Building Wealth with Legacy TM:

 

Our students pay for their courses in full up-front or through payment agreements with independent third parties. Under United States of America generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), we recognize revenue upon the earlier of (i) when our students take their courses or (ii) the term for taking their course expires, both of which could be several quarters after the student purchases a program and pays the fee. We recognize revenue immediately when we sell our (i) proprietary products delivered at time of sale and (ii) third party products sales. Our symposiums and forums combine multiple advanced training courses in one location, allowing us to achieve certain economies of scale that reduce costs and improve margins while also accelerating U.S. GAAP revenue recognition, while at the same time, enhancing our students’ experience, particularly, for example, through the opportunity to network with other students.

 

We also provide a richer experience for our students through one-on-one mentoring (two to four days in length, on site or remotely and telephone mentoring (10 to 16 weekly one-on-one or one-on-many telephone sessions). Mentoring involves a subject matter expert interacting with the student remotely or in person and guiding the student, for example, through his or her first real estate transaction, providing a real hands-on experience.

 

We were founded in 1996, and through a reverse merger, became a publicly held company in November 2014. Today we are a global company that has cumulatively served more than two million students from more than 150 countries and territories over the course of our operating history.

 

Our operations are managed through three operating segments: (i) North America, (ii) United Kingdom, and (iii) Other Foreign Markets. During the year ended 2021, the Company has focused efforts on the United States in the North American segment.

 

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Recent Developments

 

Impact from COVID-19 Coronavirus.

 

Historically, our operations have relied heavily on our and our students’ ability to travel and attend live events where large groups of people gather in local markets within each of the segments in which we operate. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic which significantly disrupted businesses around the world. As a result of worldwide restrictions on travel and social distancing, in March 2020 we temporarily ceased conducting live sales and fulfillment and furloughed substantially all of our employees. We resumed sales operations in June 2020 with online sales events selling into our suite of online, on-demand, and over-the-phone products. We also resumed online, on-demand, and over-the-phone fulfillment activities in June 2020. We resumed live operations in November 2020, with events in Florida and continued conducting additional live events in other areas as lockdown restrictions continued to ease. The Company continues following strict safety protocols at the live events. We have simplified our product offerings and restructured our compensation program with respect to both employees and independent contractors to reduce costs and improve margins, but there can be no assurances that the Company will be effective in selling its products and services, or what the impact such activities will have on our financial performance.

 

The ultimate impact from COVID-19 on the Company’s operations and financial results will depend on, among other things, the ultimate severity and scope of the pandemic, the pace at which governmental and private travel restrictions and public concerns about public gatherings will ease, the rate at which historically large increases in unemployment rates will decrease, if at all, and the speed with which the economy recovers. We are not able to fully quantify the impact that these factors will have on our financial results, but expect developments related to COVID-19 to continue to affect the Company’s financial performance in 2022 and beyond.

 

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Results of Operations

 

Our financial results continue to be significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the severity and scope of the pandemic, the pace at which governmental and private travel restrictions and public concerns about public gathering will ease, the rate at which historically large increases of unemployment rates will decrease, and the speed with which the economy recovers are all factors that impacted our financial results. In addition, our financial results were impacted due to the winding down our Rich Dad brand and other matters as disclosed in the litigation section of Note 16 “Commitments and Contingencies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Our Results of Operations in 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 

   Years Ended December 31,
(in thousands, except per share data)  2021  2020
Revenue  $7,710   $25,914 
Operating costs and expenses:          
Direct course expenses   2,294    5,801 
Advertising and sales expenses   1,636    2,293 
Royalty expenses   —      68 
General and administrative expenses   4,195    4,555 
Total operating costs and expenses   8,125    12,717 
Income (loss) from operations   (415)   13,197 
Other expense:          
Interest expense, net   (524)   (210)
Other income, net   8    1,641 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loan   910    —   
Total other income, net   394    1,431 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes   (21)   14,628 
Income tax expense   (716)   (2,883)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations   (737)   11,745 
Income from discontinued operations   171    4,264 
Net income from discontinued operations   171    4,264 
Net income (loss)  $(566)  $16,009 
           
Basic earnings (loss) per common share - continuing operations  $(0.02)  $0.51 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share - discontinued operations   —      0.18 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share  $(0.02)  $0.69 
           
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share - continuing operations  $(0.03)  $0.50 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share - discontinued operations   —      0.18 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share  $(0.03)  $0.68 
           
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding   29,187    23,076 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding   29,187    23,230 
           
Comprehensive income:          
Net income (loss)  $(566)  $16,009 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $0   421    (294)
Total comprehensive income (loss)  $(145)  $15,715 

 

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Our operating results expressed as a percentage of revenue are set forth in the table below:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2021   2020 
Revenue   100%   100%
Operating costs and expenses:          
Direct course expenses   29.8    22.4 
Advertising and sales expenses   21.2    8.8 
Royalty expenses   0.0    0.3 
General and administrative expenses   54.4    17.6 
Total operating costs and expenses   105.4    49.1 
Income (loss) from operations   (5.4)   50.9 
Other expense:          
Interest expense, net   (6.7)   (0.8)
Other income, net   0.1    6.3 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loan   11.8     
Total other income, net   5.2    5.5 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes   (0.2)   56.4 
Income tax (expense)   (9.3)   (11.1)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations   (9.5)   45.3 
Income from discontinued operations   2.2    16.5 
Net income from discontinued operations   2.2    16.5 
Net income (loss)   (7.3)%   61.8%

 

Outlook

 

Cash sales were $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $1.9 million or 100.0%. The decrease was driven primarily by a $1.9 million decrease in our North American segment due to Covid-19 limitations and the decreased number of live in-person events.

 

We believe that cash sales remain an important metric when evaluating our operating performance. Pursuant to U.S. GAAP, we recognize revenue upon the earlier of (i) when our students take their courses or (ii) the term for taking their course expires, both of which could be several quarters after the student purchases a program. Our students pay for their courses in full up-front or through payment agreements with independent third parties.

 

Historically, our operations have relied heavily on our and our students’ ability to travel and attend live events where large groups of people gather in local markets within each of the segments in which we operate. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak as a pandemic. As a result of worldwide restrictions on travel and social distancing, in March 2020 we ceased conducting live sales and fulfillment events which had a material adverse impact on results of our operations. We resumed live operations in November 2020, with events in Florida. The Company conducted additional live events in other areas as lockdown restrictions continue to ease. The Company will continue following strict safety protocols at the live events. We have simplified our product offerings, shifted focus to enhanced eLearning, and restructured our compensation program with respect to both employees and independent contractors to reduce costs and improve margins.

 

Due to the economic severity of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition, and liquidity, live in-person events were temporarily suspended in December 2021 to assess the Company’s strategic plan for fiscal year 2022 and beyond. The impact of the temporary suspension of live events is unknown.

 

Operating Segments

 

Historically, our operations are managed through three operating segments: (i) North America, (ii) United Kingdom, and (iii) Other Foreign Markets.

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
As a percentage of total revenue  2021   2020 
North America   65.1%   91.1%
U.K.   34.9%   3.3%
Other foreign markets   %   5.6%
Total consolidated revenue   100.0%   100.0%

 

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Operating results for the segments are as follows:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2021   2020 
Segment revenue  (In thousands) 
North America  $5,021   $23,596 
U.K.   2,689    846 
Other foreign markets       1,472 
Total consolidated revenue  $7,710   $25,914 

 

North America

 

Revenue derived from the Rich Dad brands in our North America segment was $2.5 million and $16.9 million or as a percentage of total segment revenue, 50.0% and 71.6%, for the years ended December 31, 2021, and 2020, respectively. We continue to fulfill contracts for students under the Rich Dad brand, however, we are no longer actively selling the Rich Dad brand. The majority pertained to real estate-related education, with the balance pertaining to financial markets training. We are continuing to develop methods of connecting to our students, diversify our products, and develop proprietary brands in order to increase the North America segment. Revenue derived from our Homemade Investor brand was $0.4 million and $1.0 million or as a percentage of total segment revenue, 8.0% and 4.2%, for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

The North America segment revenue was $5.0 million and $23.6 million or as a percentage of total revenue was 65.1% and 91.1% for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

The decrease in revenue of $18.6 million or 78.8% during the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020, was due to the decrease in fulfillment of $4.0 million and decrease in recognition of revenue from expired contracts of $14.6 million.

 

U.K.

 

Revenue derived from the Rich Dad brands in our U.K. segment was $1.8 million and $0.7 million or as a percentage of total segment revenue was 66.7% and 87.5% for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The majority pertained to real estate-related education, with the balance pertaining to financial markets training. With the discontinued operations of UK Legacy, our U.K. segment is no longer as diverse.

 

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The U.K. segment revenue was $2.7 million and $0.8 million or as a percentage of total revenue was 34.9% and 3.3% for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The increase in revenue of $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020, was due to increased fulfillment of $0.1 million and an increase in recognition of revenue from expired contracts of $1.8 million.

 

Other Foreign Markets

 

Our other foreign markets segment includes other European, Asian and African countries. Revenue derived from the Rich Dad brands was $0.0 million and $0.7 million or as a percentage of total segment revenue was 0.0% and 46.7% for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

The Other Foreign Markets segment revenue was $0.0 million and $1.5 million or as a percentage of total revenue was 0.0% and 5.6% for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

The decrease in revenue of $1.5 million or 100.0% during the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020, was due to decreased fulfillment of $1.2 million and a decrease in recognition of revenue from expired contracts of $0.3 million. The segment is in liquidation and we are no longer actively selling in the market.

 

Year Ended December 31, 2021 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2020

 

Revenue

 

Revenue was $7.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $25.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $18.2 million or 70.3%. The decrease was due to decreased fulfillment of $5.2 million or 70.5% and a decrease in recognition of revenue from expired contracts of $13.0 million or 70.2%.

 

Cash sales were $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $1.9 million or 100.0%. The decrease was driven primarily by a $1.9 million decrease in our North American segment.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Total operating costs and expenses were $8.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $12.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $4.6 million or 36.2%. The decrease was due to a $3.5 million decrease in direct course expenses, a $0.7 million decrease in advertising and sales expenses, and a $0.1 million decrease in general and administrative expenses, including the ERC credit from the Cares Act which reduced payroll expense in the amount of $292 thousand.

 

Direct course expenses

 

Direct course expenses relate to our free preview workshops, basic and elite training, and individualized mentoring programs, consisting of instructor fees, facility costs, salaries, commissions and fees associated with our field representatives and related travel expenses. Direct course expenses were $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $5.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $3.5 million or 60.3%, which was related to decreases in sales and training compensation, due to the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumers.

 

Advertising and sales expenses

 

We generally obtain most of our potential customers through internet-based advertising. Advertising and sales expenses consist of purchased media to generate registrations to our free preview workshops and costs associated with supporting customer recruitment. We obtain the majority of our customers through free preview workshops. Historically, these preview workshops are offered in various metropolitan areas in North America, United Kingdom, and other international markets. Prior to the actual workshop, we spend a significant amount of money in the form of advertising through various media channels.

 

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Advertising and sales expenses were $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $0.7 million or 30.4%. As a percentage of revenue, advertising and sales expenses were 21.2% and 8.8% for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The increase is primarily related to the decrease in COVID-19 restrictions on our ability to operate and resuming live events.

 

Royalty expenses

 

We are required to pay royalties under the licensing and related agreements pursuant to which we develop, market, and sell Rich Dad and Homemade Investor branded live seminars, training courses, and related products worldwide. There were no royalty expenses for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively due to transitioning sales to our proprietary Building Wealth with Legacy TM.

 

General and administrative expenses

 

General and administrative expenses primarily consist of compensation, benefits, insurance, professional fees, facilities expenses and travel expenses for the corporate staff, as well as depreciation and amortization expenses. General and administrative expenses were $4.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $4.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $0.4 million, or 8.7%. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was partially a result of a decrease in our personnel expenses due to the fact that we furloughed substantially all of our employees during Q2 2020. In addition, the Company assessed eligibility for the business relief provision under the CARES Act known as the Employee Retention Credit (“ERC”), a refundable payroll tax credit, which reduced payroll expense $292 thousand.

 

Other income, net

 

Other income was $0.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to other income of $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease in other income of $1.6 million, mainly representing gain on sale of our property and equipment, and investment property during the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loan

 

In March 2021, we were notified that PPBI sold substantially all of its PPP loans, including ELE’s loan, to The Loan Source, Inc. (“TLS”), which, together with its servicing partner, ACAP SME, LLC, took over the forgiveness and ongoing servicing process for ELE’s PPP loan. On August 4, 2021, we received notice from TLS that its First Draw PPP Loan had been partially forgiven in the amount of $899.0 thousand in principal and $11.0 thousand in interest. Thus, during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we recognized the gain on forgiveness of PPP Loan in the total amount of $910.0 thousand (see Note 6 – “Short-Term and Long-Term Debt” to our Consolidated financial statements for further discussion).

 

Income tax expense

 

We recorded income tax expense of $0.7 million and $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, a $2.2 million decrease in income tax expense.

 

Our effective tax rate was (3409.5)% and 19.7%for the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our effective tax rates differed from the U.S. statutory corporate tax rate of 21.0%, primarily because of the mix of pre-tax income or loss earned in certain jurisdictions, and intercompany activities.

 

We record a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. We have retained a full valuation allowances of $3.5 million against the deferred tax assets of our Australian, Canadian, U.K., Hong Kong, and South Africa subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021. We have retained full valuation allowances of $3.6 million against the deferred tax assets of our Australian, Canadian, U.K., Hong Kong, and South Africa subsidiaries as of December 31, 2020. The most significant negative factor that was considered in determining whether a valuation allowance was required is a cumulative recent history of losses in all jurisdictions for the entities mentioned above.

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

 

Net loss from continuing operations was $0.7 million or ($0.02) per basic and diluted common share for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to net income from continuing operations of $11.7 million or $0.51 per basic and $0.50 per diluted common share for the year ended December 31, 2020, a decrease in net income from continuing operations of $12.4 million or $0.53 per basic and $0.52 per diluted common share.

 

Net income from discontinued operations

 

Net income from discontinued operations was $0.1 million or $0.0 per basic and diluted common share for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to net income from discontinued operations of $$0.1 million or $4.3 million or $0.18 per basic and diluted common share for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts and related disclosures. In addition to the estimates presented below, there are other items within our consolidated financial statements that require estimation but are not deemed critical as defined below. We believe these estimates are reasonable and appropriate. However, if actual experience differs from the assumptions and other considerations used, the resulting changes could have a material effect on the financial statements taken as a whole.

 

Management believes that the following policies and estimates are critical because they involve significant judgments, assumptions, and estimates. Historically, management has discussed the development and selection of the critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors and the Audit Committee has reviewed the disclosures presented below relating to those policies and estimates. We currently do not have an audit committee.

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

We evaluate the carrying amount of our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. We record an impairment loss when indications of impairment are present and undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than assets’ carrying value. We evaluate the remaining life and recoverability of long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable. At such time, we estimate the future cash flows expected from the use of the assets and their eventual dispositions and, if lower than the carrying amounts, adjust the carrying amount of the assets to their estimated fair value. Because of our changing business conditions including current and projected level of income, business trends, prospects and market conditions, our estimates of cash flows to be generated from our operations could change materially, resulting in the need to record additional impairment charges.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We recognize revenue when our customers obtain control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which we expect to receive in exchange for those goods or services, in accordance with Topic 606.

 

We adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Revenue amounts presented in our consolidated financial statements are recognized net of sales tax, value-added taxes, and other taxes.

 

In the normal course of business, we recognize revenue based on the customers’ attendance of the course, mentoring training, coaching session or delivery of the software, data or course materials on-line. After a customer contract expires, we record breakage revenue less a reserve for cases where we allow a customer to attend after expiration. We had deferred revenue of $4.4 million and $10.4 million related to contractual commitments with customers where the performance obligation will be satisfied over time, which ranges from one to two years as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The revenue associated with these performance obligations is recognized as the obligation is satisfied.

 

The following table disaggregate our segment revenue by revenue source:

 

   Years Ended December 31, 2021   Years Ended December 31, 2020 
Revenue Type:  North America   U.K.   Other foreign markets   Total Consolidated Revenue   North America   U.K.   Other foreign markets   Total Consolidated Revenue 
   (In thousands)   (In thousands) 
Seminars  $4,564   $880   $   $5,444   $16,353   $245   $1,406   $18,004 
Products   199            199    478            478 
Coaching and Mentoring                   1,050        3    1,053 
Online and Subscription   76            76    1,421        40    1,461 
Other   182    1,809        1,991    4,294    601    23    4,918 
Total revenue  $5,021   $2,689   $   $7,710   $23,596   $846   $1,472   $25,914 

 

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Income Taxes

 

We account for income taxes in conformity with the requirements of ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Per ASC 740, the provision for income taxes is calculated using the asset and liability approach of accounting for income taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities, at enacted income tax rates, based on the temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of our assets and liabilities. We include any effects of changes in income tax rates or tax laws in the provision for income taxes in the period of enactment. When it is more likely than not that a portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized in the future, we provide a corresponding valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset.

 

ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in a company’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold of more likely than not and a measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. In making this assessment, a company must determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination, based solely on the technical merits of the position and must assume that the tax position will be examined by taxing authorities. ASC 740 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosures and transition.

 

Accounting for Litigation and Settlements

 

We are involved in various legal proceedings. Due to their nature, such legal proceedings involve inherent uncertainties including, but not limited to, court rulings, negotiations between affected parties, and the possibility of governmental intervention. Management assesses the probability of loss for such contingencies and accrues a liability and/or discloses the relevant circumstances as appropriate. While certain of these matters involve substantial amounts, management believes, based on available information, that the ultimate resolution of such legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

The critical accounting policies discussed above are not intended to be a comprehensive list of all of our accounting policies. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., with no need for management’s judgment in their application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result.

 

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Known Trends and Uncertainties

 

In general, we believe we will experience an increase in demand for our products and services compared to prior periods as we develop our Building Wealth with Legacy TM brand and other revenue streams. We believe that our products and services appeal to those who seek increased financial freedom. If we experience a prolonged decline in demand for our products and services, it could have a material adverse effect on our future operating results.

 

Historically, we have funded our working capital and capital expenditures using cash and cash equivalents on hand. However, given our decreased operating cash flows during the past two years combined, it has been necessary for us to manage our cash position to ensure the future viability of our business. Our cash flows are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, earnings, favorable terms from our merchant processors, seasonality, and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.

 

We continue to take steps to ensure our expenses are in line with our projected cash sales and liquidity requirements for 2021 and based upon current and anticipated levels of operations, we believe cash and cash equivalents on hand will not be sufficient to fund our expected financial obligations and anticipated liquidity requirements for the fiscal year 2022. However, we are exploring alternative sources of capital, but there can be no assurances any such capital will be obtained. For the year ended December 31, 2021, we had an accumulated deficit, a working capital deficit and a negative cash flow from operating activities. These circumstances raise substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to generate profits by expanding current operations as well as reducing our costs and increasing our operating margins, and to sustain adequate working capital to finance our operations. The failure to achieve the necessary levels of profitability and cash flows would be detrimental to us.

 

The following is a summary of our cash flow activities for the periods stated (in thousands):

 

   Years Ended December 31, 
   2021   2020 
Net cash used in operating activities   (4,832)   (6,965)
Net cash provided by investing activities       2,891 
Net cash provided by financing activities   3,102    1,400 
Effect of exchange rate differences on cash      (860)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash   (1,730)   (3,534)

 

Operating Cash Flows and Liquidity

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $4.8 million in the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to net cash used in operating activities of $7.0 million in the year ended December 31, 2020, representing a period-over-period increase of $2.2 million. This increase was primarily the result of a decrease in current liabilities for deferred course expense 2021 compared to 2020.

 

Investing Cash Flows

 

Net cash provided by investing activities totaled $0.0 million compared to net cash provided by investing activities of $2.9 million in the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, representing proceeds on sale of property and equipment, and investment property in the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Financing Cash Flows

 

Our consolidated capital structure as of December 31, 2021 was 17% debt and 83% equity. As of December 31, 2020, our consolidated capital structure was 14% debt and 86% equity.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities totaled $3.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2021, including our net proceeds from borrowings of the second draw of the Paycheck Protection Program loan of $1.9 million, proceeds from debentures with related parties of $0.7 million and proceeds from issuance of the GLD Debenture of $0.5 million. Net cash provided by financing activities totaled $1.4 million in the year ended December 31, 2020, including our net proceeds from borrowings of the first draw of the Paycheck Protection Program loan.

 

We expect that our working capital deficit, which is primarily a result of our significant deferred revenue balance, will continue for the foreseeable future. As of December 31, 2021, and 2020, our consolidated current deferred revenue was $4.4 million and $10.4 million, respectively.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents were, and continue to be, invested in short-term, liquid, money market funds. Restricted cash balances consisted primarily of funds on deposit with credit card processors and cash collateral with our credit card vendors. Restricted cash balances held by credit card processors are unavailable to us unless we discontinue sale of our products or discontinue the usage of a vendor’s credit card. As sales of the products and services related to our domestic business have decreased, our credit card vendors have not returned funds held as collateral, resulting in higher restricted cash balances.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required.

 

30

 

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

Legacy Education Alliance, Inc.

 

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Audited Consolidated Financial Statements    
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (PCAOB ID: 5814)   F-2
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2021 and 2020   F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020   F-4
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020   F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020   F-6
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   F-7

 

F-1

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Legacy Education Alliance, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Legacy Education Alliance, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) as of December 31, 2021 and the related consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2021 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The financial statements of the Company as of December 31, 2020, were audited by other auditors whose report dated April 9, 2021, on those statements included in the explanatory paragraph that described the substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements.

 

Going Concern Matter

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has a net capital deficiency and an accumulated deficit that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical Audit Matters

 

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of the critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

 

Revenue recognition

 

Description of the Matter

 

As disclosed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company recognizes revenue based on the customers’ attendance of the course, mentoring training, coaching session or delivery of the software, data or course materials online. The Company also recognizes breakage revenue when a customer contract expires less a reserve for cases where customers are allowed to attend after expiration.

 

We identified the Company’s revenue recognition as a critical audit matter. Specifically, the significant judgments made by management in developing its estimate of the reserve for breakage and the timing of when revenue is recognized for each distinct performance obligation required a high degree of effort and auditor judgment.

 

How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit

 

The audit procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter included the following, among others:

 

  Testing customer contract terms and delivery method of each performance obligation by reviewing a sample of contracts between the Company and its customers.
     
  Testing the allocation of the contract price to the performance obligations included in selected contracts.
     
  Obtaining evidence indicating completion of performance obligations for revenue recognition and verifying the timing of revenue recognized over time.
     
  Evaluating the reasonableness of assumptions and methodology used by management in determining its estimate of the reserve for breakage.

 

/s/ Ram Associates  
www.ramassociates.us  
PCAOB ID: 5814  
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2021.  
Hamilton, New Jersey  
March 31, 2022  

 

F-2

 

 

LEGACY EDUCATION ALLIANCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share data)

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2021   2020 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $576   $1,500 
Restricted cash   374    1,180 
Deferred course expenses   304    1,167 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   607    1,578 
Inventory   1    10 
Discontinued operations current assets       820 
Total current assets   1,862    6,255 
Property and equipment, net       4 
Right-of-use assets   20    45 
Other assets   6    6 
Discontinued operations-other assets   33    34 
Total assets  $1,921   $6,344 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $2,544   $1,762 
Royalties payable   110    113 
Accrued course expenses   252    277 
Accrued salaries, wages and benefits   202    73 
Operating lease liability, current portion   20    25 
Other accrued expenses   2,114    3,888 
Deferred revenue   4,438    10,382 
Short-term related party debt, net of unamortized debt discount of $204   142     
Current portion of long term debt, net of unamortized debt discount of $0   1,011     
Discontinued operations-current liabilities   9,845    11,286 
Total current liabilities   20,678    27,806 
Long-term debt, net of current portion and net of unamortized debt discount of $467   1,933    1,900 
Deferred tax liability, net   1,493    134 
Other long term liabilities       120 
Operating lease liability, net of current portion       20 
Total liabilities   24,104    29,980 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)   -    - 
Stockholders’ deficit:          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, none issued        
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 200,000,000 authorized; 33,917,697 and 23,279,197 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively   3    2 
Additional paid-in capital   13,161    11,564 
Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment   837    416 
Accumulated deficit   (36,184)   (35,618)
Total stockholders’ deficit   (22,183)   (23,636)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit  $1,921   $6,344 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-3

 

 

LEGACY EDUCATION ALLIANCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

       
   Years Ended December 31, 
   2021   2020 
Revenue  $7,710   $25,914 
Operating costs and expenses:          
Direct course expenses   2,294    5,801 
Advertising and sales expenses   1,636    2,293 
Royalty expenses       68 
General and administrative expenses   4,195    4,555 
Total operating costs and expenses   8,125    12,717 
Income (loss) from operations   (415)   13,197 
Other income (expense):          
Interest expense, net   (524)   (210)
Other income, net   8    1,641 
Gain on forgiveness of PPP Loan   910     
Total other income, net   394    1,431 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes   (21)   14,628 
Income tax expense   (716)   (2,883)
Net income (loss) from continuing operations   (737)   11,745 
Income from discontinued operations   171    4,264 
Net income from discontinued operations  $171    4,264 
Net income (loss)  $(566)  $16,009 
           
Basic earnings (loss) per common share - continuing operations  $(0.02)  $0.51 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share - discontinued operations       0.18 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share  $(0.02)  $0.69 
           
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share - continuing operations  $(0.02)  $0.50 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share - discontinued operations       0.18 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share  $(0.02)  $0.68 
           
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding   29,187    23,076 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding   29,187    23,230 
           
Comprehensive income:          
Net income (loss)  $(566)  $16,009 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $0   421    (294)
Total comprehensive income  $(145)  $15,715 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-4

 

 

LEGACY EDUCATION ALLIANCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit

(In thousands)

 

   Shares   Amount   capital   adjustment   deficit   deficit 
   Common stock   Additional paid-in   Cumulative foreign currency translation   Accumulated   Total stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   adjustment   deficit   deficit 
Balance at December 31 , 2019   23,163   $2   $11,552   $710   $(51,627)  $(39,363)
Share-based compensation expense           23            23 
Cancellation of common stock   (64)       (11)           (11)
Issuance of common stock   180                     
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $0               (294)       (294)
Net Income                   16,009    16,009 
Balance at December 31, 2020   23,279   $2   $11,564   $416   $(35,618)  $(23,636)

 

   Common stock   Additional paid-in   Cumulative foreign currency translation   Accumulated   Total stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   capital   adjustment   deficit   deficit 
Balance at December 31, 2020   23,279   $2   $11,564   $416   $(35,618)  $(23,636)
Share-based compensation expense   2,900        122            122 
Cancellation of common stock   (945)       (15)           (15)
Common stock issued for stock option purchase   1,600        13            13 
Common stock and warrants issued for notes payable to related party from conversion of senior secured convertible debt – related party debt discount   7,084    1    354            355 
Beneficial conversion feature for senior secured convertible debenture           500            500 
Beneficial conversion feature for senior secured convertible debenture-related party           623            623 
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $0               421        421 
Net Loss                   (566)   (566)
Balance at December 31, 2021   33,918   $3   $13,161   $837   $(36,184)  $(22,183)

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-5

 

 

LEGACY EDUCATION ALLIANCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

 

       
   Years Ended December 31, 
   2021   2020 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES          
Net income  $(566)  $16,009 
Less net income from discontinued operations   171    4,264 
Net income from continuing operations  $(737)  $11,745 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   4    59 
Non-cash lease expense   27    23 
Gain on the sale of fixed assets and investment property       (1,735)
Share-based compensation   122    23 
Cancellation of common stock   (15)   (11)
Amortization of debt discount   453     
Gain on debt extinguishment (PPP loan forgiveness)   (910)    
Deferred income taxes   1,359    418 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Deferred course expenses   844    3,764 
Prepaid expenses and other receivable   

559

    (446)
Inventory   9    34 
Other assets       37 
Accounts payable-trade   685    485 
Royalties payable   (11)   (29)
Accrued course expenses   (25)   (191)
Accrued salaries, wages and benefits   129    (386)
Operating lease liability   (27)   (20)
Other accrued expenses   (1,503)   1,823 
Deferred revenue   (5,782)   (22,460)
Net cash used in operating activities - continuing operations   (4,819)   (6,867)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities - discontinued operations   (13)   (98)
Net cash used in operating activities   (4,832)   (6,965)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES          
Proceeds from sale of investment property       391 
Proceeds from sale property and equipment       2,500 
Net cash provided by investing activities - continuing operations       2,891 
Net cash used in investing activities - discontinued operations        
Net cash provided by investing activities       2,891 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Principal payments on debt   (11)   (1,500)
Proceeds from issuance of debt       2,900 
Proceeds from borrowing Paycheck Protection Program loan   1,900     
Proceeds from debentures with related parties   700     
Proceeds from debentures   500     
Issuance of common stock for stock option purchase   13     
Net cash provided by financing activities - continuing operations   3,102    1,400 
Net cash provided by financing activities - discontinued operations        
Net cash provided by financing activities   3,102    1,400 
Effect of exchange rate differences on cash      (860)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash   (1,730)   (3,534)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period, including cash in discontinued operations  $2,680   $6,214 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period  $950   $2,680 
           
Supplemental disclosures:          
Cash paid during the period for interest  $3   $214 
Cash received during the period for income taxes, net of tax payments   (52)    
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activity:          
Supplemental non-cash amounts of lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets/(decrease) of lease liability due to cancellation of leases  $(1)  $13 
Non-cash disposal of property  $   $(363)
Common stock and warrants issued from conversion of senior convertible debenture – related party   355     
Initial recognition of beneficial conversion feature for senior secured convertible debt - related party   896     
Note payable issued for insurance policy financing   26     

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-6

 

 

LEGACY EDUCATION ALLIANCE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1—Business Description and Basis of Presentation

 

Business Description. We are a provider of practical, high-quality, and value-based educational training on the topics of personal finance, entrepreneurship, real estate, and financial markets investing strategies and techniques. Our programs are offered through a variety of formats and channels, including free workshops, basic trainings, forums, telephone mentoring, one-on-one mentoring, coaching and e-learning. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we marketed our products and services under Building Wealth with LegacyTM. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we marketed our products and services under two brands: R Building Wealth with LegacyTM and Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM.

 

Our students pay for their courses in full up-front or through payment agreements with independent third parties. Under United States of America generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), we recognize revenue upon the earlier of (i) when our students take their courses or (ii) the term for taking their course expires, both of which could be several quarters after the student purchases a program and pays the fee. We recognize revenue immediately when we sell our (i) proprietary products delivered at time of sale and (ii) third party products sales. Our symposiums and forums combine multiple advanced training courses in one location, allowing us to achieve certain economies of scale that reduce costs and improve margins while also accelerating U.S. GAAP revenue recognition, while at the same time, enhancing our students’ experience, particularly, for example, through the opportunity to network with other students.

 

We also provide a richer experience for our students through one-on-one mentoring (two to four days in length, on site or remotely, although we have suspended providing on-site mentorships as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic) and telephone mentoring (10 to 16 weekly one-on-one or one-on-many telephone sessions). Mentoring involves a subject matter expert interacting with the student remotely or in person and guiding the student, for example, through his or her first real estate transaction, providing a real hands-on experience.

 

We were founded in 1996, and through a reverse merger, became a publicly held company in November 2014. Today we are a global company that has cumulatively served more than two million students from more than 150 countries and territories over the course of our operating history.

 

Our operations have traditionally relied heavily on our and our students’ ability to travel and attend live events where large groups of people gather in local markets within each of the segments in which we operate. As a result of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, and the resulting worldwide restrictions on travel and social distancing, we temporarily ceased conducting live sales and fulfillment and furloughed substantially all of our employees. We resumed online operations in July 2020, and live operations in November 2020. The Company will continue following strict safety protocols at the live events. We have simplified our product offerings and restructured our compensation program with respect to both employees and independent contractors to reduce costs and improve margins, but there can be no assurances that the Company will be effective in selling its products and services, or what the impact such activities will have on our financial performance. Due to the continuing COVID-19 pandemic, the Company temporarily suspended live in-person events in December 2021 to assess the strategic plan and will continue the temporary suspension into fiscal year 2022. We are not able to fully quantify the impact that these factors will have on our financial results, but expect developments related to COVID-19 to continue to affect the Company’s financial performance in 2021 and beyond.

 

Our operations are managed through three operating segments: (i) North America, (ii) United Kingdom, and (iii) Other Foreign Markets.

 

F-7

 

 

Since January 1, 2020, we have operated under two brands:

 

 

Building Wealth with Legacy TM: provides practical, high-quality and value-based educational training on the topics of personal finance, entrepreneurship, real estate, financial markets and investing strategies and techniques. This training program encompasses hands-on experience and the true spirit of investing from beginner to educated investor. During the fiscal year 2021, the Company marketed products and services exclusively under this brand.

     
  Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM introduces people to the investor mindset, real estate investing strategies, and ways to generate cash flow that are designed to help build a foundation of knowledge for their financial goals. Homemade Investor events offered nationwide free workshops, 3-day trainings and large stage events with Tarek presenting as the keynote speaker, all selling into our advanced training products. In November 2020, we suspended conducting Homemade Investor by Tarek El MoussaTM sales events to focus on developing our proprietary Building Wealth with Legacy TM.

 

Merger. On November 10, 2014, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of such date (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among (i) PRCD, a Nevada corporation, (ii) Priced In Corp. Subsidiary, a Colorado corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of PRCD (“PRCD Sub”), (iii) Tigrent Inc., a Colorado corporation (“TIGE”), and (iv) Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, Inc., a Colorado corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of TIGE (“Legacy Holdings”). On November 10, 2014, pursuant to the Merger Agreement, PRCD Sub merged with and into Legacy Holdings (the “Merger”), with Legacy Holdings surviving the Merger and becoming our wholly owned subsidiary and we acquired the business of Legacy Holdings.

 

Basis of Presentation. The terms “Legacy Education Alliance, Inc.,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” or “Legacy” as used in this report refer collectively to Legacy Education Alliance, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Legacy”), the registrant, which was formerly known as Priced In Corp., and, unless the context otherwise requires, together with its wholly-owned subsidiary, Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, Inc., a Colorado corporation, other operating subsidiaries and any predecessor of Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, including Tigrent Inc., a Colorado corporation. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. As discussed in Note 4 “Discontinued Operations”, the sale of Legacy Education Alliance International Ltd (Legacy UK) assets and deferred revenue is reflected as a discontinued operation in the consolidated financial statements.

 

Reclassification. We have reclassified certain amounts in our prior-period financial statements to conform to the current period’s presentation.

 

Note 2—Significant Accounting Policies

 

Going Concern. The accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes have been prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, we had an accumulated deficit and a working capital deficit. These circumstances raise substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to generate profits by expanding current operations as well as reducing our costs and increasing our operating margins, and to sustain adequate working capital to finance our operations. The failure to achieve the necessary levels of profitability and cash flows would be detrimental to us. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if we are unable to continue as a going concern.

 

Use of Estimates. Conformity with GAAP requires the use of estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates form the basis for judgments we make about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities, which are not readily apparent from other sources. We base our estimates and judgments on historical information and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments in several areas, including, but not limited to, those related to deferred revenues, reserve for breakage, deferred costs, revenue recognition, commitments and contingencies, fair value of financial instruments, useful lives of property and equipment, right-of-use assets, and income taxes. These estimates are based on management’s knowledge about current events and expectations about actions we may undertake in the future. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

 

F-8

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents. We consider all highly liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash or cash equivalents. We continually monitor and evaluate our investment positions and the creditworthiness of the financial institutions with which we invest and maintain deposit accounts. When appropriate, we utilize Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service (CDARS) to reduce banking risk for a portion of our cash in the United States. A CDAR consists of numerous individual investments, all below the FDIC limits, thus fully insuring that portion of our cash. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, we did not have a CDAR balance.

 

Restricted cash. Restricted cash balances consist primarily of funds on deposit with credit card and other payment processors. These balances do not have the benefit of federal deposit insurance and are subject to the financial risk of the parties holding these funds. Restricted cash balances held by credit card processors are unavailable to us unless, and for a period of time after, we discontinue the use of their services. Because a portion of these funds can be accessed and converted to unrestricted cash in less than one year in certain circumstances, that portion is considered a current asset. Restricted cash is included with cash and cash equivalents in our consolidated statements of cash flows.

 

Deposits with credit card processors. The deposits with our credit card processors are held due to arrangements under which our credit card processors withhold credit card funds to cover charge backs in the event we are unable to honor our commitments. These deposits are included in restricted cash on our consolidated balance sheet.

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts in the consolidated cash flow statements:

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2021   2020 
   (in thousands) 
Cash and cash equivalents  $576   $1,500 
Restricted cash   374    1,180 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in the cash flow statement  $950   $2,680 

 

Financial Instruments. Financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable, deferred course expenses, accrued expenses, deferred revenue, and debt. U.S. GAAP requires the disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments, including assets and liabilities recognized in the balance sheets. Management believes the carrying value of the other financial instruments recognized on the consolidated balance sheets (including receivables, payables and accrued liabilities) approximate their fair value due to length of maturity of these instruments, the majority of which is short-term. The carrying value of long-term debt approximates fair value since the related rates of interest approximate current market rates.

 

Inventory. Inventory consists primarily of books, videos and training materials held for sale to students enrolled in our training programs. Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market using the first-in, first-out method.

 

Property, equipment and Impairment of long-lived assets. Property and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets as presented in the following table:

 

Building     40 years  
Residential rental properties     27.5 years  
Furniture, fixtures and equipment     3-7 years  
Purchased software     3 years  

 

Residential rental properties generate monthly income from individual tenants. Income from these properties is recognized and included in other income. We no longer have any residential rental properties as these were transferred to the administrators in the UK in December 2020 (See Note 5–Property and Equipment below).

 

Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful asset life or the remaining term of the applicable lease.

 

In accordance with U.S. GAAP, we evaluate the carrying amount of our long-lived assets such as property and equipment, and finite-lived intangible assets subject to amortization for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets held and used is measured by the comparison of its carrying amount with the future net cash flows the asset is expected to generate. We look primarily to the undiscounted future cash flows in the assessment of whether or not long-lived assets have been impaired. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated undiscounted future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the estimated fair value of the asset.

 

Other assets included our residential investment property. On January 17, 2020, we sold this property for $390.6 thousand and recognized a gain of $33.1 thousand, within Other income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. The proceeds were held in escrow until December 8, 2020, when they used to pay the joint liquidators of LEA UK as payment of intercompany debts (see “Litigation” on Note 16 “Commitments and Contingencies”).

 

F-9

 

 

Convertible Instruments

 

The Company evaluates and accounts for conversion options embedded in convertible instruments in accordance with ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging Activities”.

 

Applicable GAAP requires companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free-standing derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria include circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under other GAAP with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument.

 

The Company accounts for convertible instruments (when it has been determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments) as follows: The Company records when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. Debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the term of the related debt.

 

Stock Warrants.

 

The Company accounts for stock warrants as equity in accordance with ASC 480 – Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity. Stock warrants are accounted for a derivative in accordance with ASC 815 – Derivatives and Hedging, if the stock warrants contain other terms that could potentially require “net cash settlement” and therefore, do not meet the scope exception for treatment as a derivative.

 

Revenue recognition.

 

We recognize revenue when our customers obtain control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which we expect to receive in exchange for those goods or services, in accordance with Topic 606.

 

Revenue amounts presented in our consolidated financial statements are recognized net of sales tax, value-added taxes, and other taxes.

 

In the normal course of business, we recognize revenue based on the customers’ attendance of the course, mentoring training, coaching session or delivery of the software, data or course materials on-line. After a customer contract expires, we record breakage revenue less a reserve for cases where we allow a customer to attend after expiration. We had deferred revenue of $4.4 million and $10.4 million related to contractual commitments with customers where the performance obligation will be satisfied over time, which ranges from one to two years as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The revenue associated with these performance obligations is recognized as the obligation is satisfied.

 

The following tables disaggregate our segment revenue by revenue source:

 

Revenue Type:  North America   U.K.   Other foreign markets   Total Consolidated Revenue   North America   U.K.   Other foreign markets   Total Consolidated Revenue 
   Years Ended December 31, 2021   Years Ended December 31, 2020 
Revenue Type:  North America   U.K.   Other foreign markets   Total Consolidated Revenue   North America   U.K.   Other foreign markets   Total Consolidated Revenue 
   (In thousands)   (In thousands) 
Seminars  $4,564   $880   $   $5,444   $16,353   $245   $1,406   $18,004 
Products   199            199    478            478 
Coaching and Mentoring                   1,050        3    1,053 
Online and Subscription   76            76    1,421        40    1,461 
Other   182    1,809        1,991    4,294    601    23    4,918 
Total revenue  $5,021   $2,689   $   $7,710   $23,596   $846   $1,472   $25,914 

 

Deferred course expenses. We defer licensing fees and commissions and fees paid to our speakers and telemarketers until such time as the revenue is earned. Our speakers, who are all independent contractors, earn commissions on the cash receipts received at our training events and are paid approximately 45 days after the training event. The deferred course expenses are expensed as the corresponding deferred revenue is recognized. We also capitalize the commissions and fees paid to our speakers and expense them as the corresponding deferred revenue is recognized.

 

F-10

 

 

Advertising expenses. We expense advertising as incurred. Advertising paid in advance is recorded as a prepaid expense until such time as the advertisement is published.

 

Income taxes. We account for income taxes in conformity with the requirements of ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Per ASC 740, the provision for income taxes is calculated using the asset and liability approach of accounting for income taxes. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities, at enacted income tax rates, based on the temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of our assets and liabilities. We include any effects of changes in income tax rates or tax laws in the provision for income taxes in the period of enactment. When it is more likely than not that a portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized in the future, we provide a corresponding valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset.

 

ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in a company’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold of more likely than not and a measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. In making this assessment, a company must determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination, based solely on the technical merits of the position and must assume that the tax position will be examined by taxing authorities. ASC 740 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, disclosures and transition.

 

Foreign currency translation. We account for foreign currency translation in accordance with ASC 830, Foreign Currency Translation. The functional currencies of our foreign operations are the reported local currencies. Translation adjustments result from translating our foreign subsidiaries’ financial statements into United States dollars. The balance sheet accounts of our foreign subsidiaries are translated into United States dollars using the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date. Revenue and expenses are translated using average exchange rates for each month during the fiscal year. The resulting translation gains or losses are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders’ deficit. Business is generally transacted in a single currency not requiring meaningful currency transaction costs. We do not practice hedging as the risks do not warrant the costs.

 

Share-based compensation. We account for share-based awards under the provisions of ASC 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation.” Accordingly, share-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and we expense these costs using the straight-line method over the requisite service period. See Note 8 “Share-Based Compensation”, for additional disclosures regarding our share-based compensation.

 

Comprehensive income. Comprehensive income includes changes to equity accounts that were not the result of transactions with stockholders. Comprehensive income is comprised of net income and other comprehensive income items. Our comprehensive income generally consists of changes in the cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment.

 

Discontinued operations. ASC 205-20-45, “Presentation of Financial Statements Discontinued Operations” requires discontinued operations to be reported if the disposal of a business component represents a strategic shift that has a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial reports. We have determined that the sale of Legacy UK meets this criterion. Accordingly, the assets, deferred revenues, and income statement of Legacy UK were transferred to discontinued operations to close out the business. The Company is also seeking liquidation of companies in Australia, Hong Kong, and Canada. See Note 4 “Discontinued Operations”, for additional disclosures regarding the details of these discontinued operations.

 

F-11

 

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

We have implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect and that management believes would materially affect our financial statements.

 

In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-06 – Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40) – Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. The ASU simplifies the guidance on the issuer’s accounting for convertible debt instruments by removing the separation models for (1) convertible debt with a cash conversion feature and (2) convertible instruments with a beneficial conversion feature. As a result, entities will not separately present in equity an embedded conversion feature in such debt. Instead, they will account for a convertible debt instrument wholly as debt, unless certain other conditions are met. The elimination of these models will reduce reported interest expense and increase reported net income for entities that have issued a convertible instrument that was within the scope of those models before the adoption of ASU 2020-06. Also, ASU 2020-06 requires the application of the if-converted method for calculating diluted earnings per share, and the treasury stock method will be no longer available. The provisions of ASU 2020-06 are applicable for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, “Reference Rate Reform: Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” The amendments provide optional guidance for a limited time to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform. The new guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The amendments apply only to contracts and hedging relationships that reference London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. These amendments are effective immediately and may be applied prospectively to contract modifications made and hedging relationships entered into or evaluated on or before December 31, 2022. The application of this guidance will not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

Note 3—Concentration Risk

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

We maintain deposits in banks which may exceed the federal deposit insurance available. Management believes the potential risk of loss on these cash and cash equivalents to be minimal. All cash balances as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, including foreign subsidiaries, without FDIC coverage was $0.0 and $0.8 million, respectively.

 

Revenue

 

A significant portion of our revenue was derived from the Rich Dad brands. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, Rich Dad brands provided 55.8% and 70.7%, respectively, of our revenue. In addition, we have operations in North America, United Kingdom and Other foreign markets (See Note 15 “Segment Information”).

 

The License Agreement with Rich Dad Operating Company, LLC pursuant to which we licensed the Rich Dad Education brand expired on September 30, 2019. Notwithstanding the expiration of the License Agreement, the Company may continue to use Licensed Intellectual Property, as defined in the License Agreement, including, but not limited to, the Rich Dad trademark and stylized logo, for the purpose of honoring and fulfilling orders by its customers in existence as of the date of the expiration of the Agreement.

 

F-12

 

 

Note 4 - Discontinued Operations

 

On January 27, 2021, Legacy Education Alliance Australia PTY Limited (“LEA Australia”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Legacy Education Alliance, Inc. (“LEAI”), appointed Brent Leigh Morgan and Christopher Stephen Bergin, both of the firm of Rodgers Reidy, 326 William Street, Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia, as Joint and Several Liquidators of LEA Australia, to supervise a Creditors Voluntary Liquidation of LEA Australia. Subject to the approval of the creditors of LEA Australia at a meeting held on February 23, 2021, AEDT (February 22, 2021, EST), the Joint Liquidators will wind down the business of LEA Australia and make distributions, if any, to its creditors in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Australian Corporations Act of 2001. The first meeting of creditors of LEA Australia was held on February 24, 2021, (AEDT), at which no resolutions were proposed by the creditors, no nominations for a Committee of Inspection were made, and no alternative liquidator was proposed. On March 11, 2022, the proof of debt was rejected by the Liquidator of Legacy UK and extended twenty-one days from the receipt of the notice to provide additional documentation supporting the claim to the Court of England. The additional information was submitted to the Liquidators on March 21, 2022.

 

On March 2, 2021, Legacy Education Alliance Holdings, Inc. the sole shareholder of Legacy Education Alliance Hong Kong Limited (“LEA Hong Kong”), a subsidiary of the Company, adopted a resolution to wind up voluntarily the affairs of LEA Hong Kong and to appoint Cosimo Borrelli and Li Chung Ngai (also known as Anson Li), both of Borrelli Walsh Limited, Level 17, Tower 1, Admiralty Centre, 18 Harcourt Road, Hong Kong as Joint and Several Liquidators of LEA Hong Kong. At a meeting of the creditors of LEA Hong Kong held on March 2, 2021, the creditors similarly approved the voluntary winding up of LEA Hong Kong and the appointment of Cosimo Borrelli and Li Chung Ngai (also known as Anson Li), as Joint and Several Liquidators. The Joint and Several Liquidators will wind up the business of LEA Hong Kong and make distributions, if any, to its creditors in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance of Hong Kong.

 

On March 7, 2021, Tigrent Learning Canada Inc. (“Tigrent Canada”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Legacy Education Alliance, Inc., filed an assignment in bankruptcy under section 49 of the Canada Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (the “Act”) in the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy Canada, District of Ontario, Division of Toronto, Court No. 31-2718213. Also on March 7, 2021, A. Farber & Partners was appointed trustee of the estate of Tigrent Canada. The trustee will wind down the business of Tigrent Canada and make distributions, if any, to its creditors in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Act. At the First Meeting of Creditors held on March 23, 2021, the creditors of Tigrent Canada approved the appointment of A. Farber & Partners as trustee of the estate of Tigrent Canada.

 

On October 28, 2019, four creditors of Legacy Education Alliance International Ltd. (“Legacy UK”), one of our UK subsidiaries, obtained an order from the High Court of Justice, Business and Property Courts of England and Wales (the “English Court”) with respect to the business and affairs of Legacy UK. Pursuant to the Administration Order of November 15, 2019, from the English Court, the two individuals appointed as administrators engaged a third-party to market Legacy UK’s business and assets for sale to one or more third parties. On November 26, 2019, Legacy UK’s assets and deferred revenues sold for £300 thousand (British pounds) to Mayflower Alliance LTD. We did not receive any proceeds from the sale of Legacy UK. Further details, including the resolution of claims and liabilities, and other information regarding the administration may not be forthcoming for several months. The impact of this transaction is reflected as a discontinued operation in the consolidated financial statements. A meeting of the Creditors deemed the decision date is scheduled for March 25, 2022.

 

The major classes of assets and liabilities of the entities classified as discontinued operations were as follows:

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2021   2020 
   (in thousands) 
Major classes of assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $   $14 
Deferred course expenses       806 
Discontinued operations-current assets       820 
Other assets   33    34 
Total major classes of assets - discontinued operations  $33   $854 
Major classes of liabilities          
Accounts payable  $3,638   $3,698 
Accrued course expenses   587    593 
Other accrued expenses   439    1,582 
Deferred revenue   5,181    5,413 
Total major classes of liabilities - discontinued operations  $9,845   $11,286 

 

The financial results of the discontinued operations are as follows:

 

   2021   2020 
   Years Ended December 31, 
   2021   2020 
   (in thousands) 
Revenue  $40   $8,247 
Total operating costs and expenses   907    2,910 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations   (